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Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General

Title:
Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
017-023-00196-5
ISBN:
9780160615016
Description

1st Surgeon General's report to address physical activity and health. Presents the message that Americans can substantially improve their health and quality of life by including moderate amounts of physical activity in their daily lives. Summarizes a diverse literature from the fields of epidemiology, exercise physiology, medicine, and the behavioral sciences. Highlights what is known about physical activity and health, as well as what is being learned about promoting physical activity among adults and young people. Item 494-H-04.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1: Introduction, Summary, and Chapter Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Chapter 2: Historical Background, Terminology, Evolution of Recommendations and Measurement . . . . . 9

Western Historical Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Terminology of Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Evolution of Physical Activity Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Summary of Recent Physical Activity Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Measurement of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Intensity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Chapter 3: Physiologic Responses and Long-Term Adaptations to Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Physiologic Responses to Episodes of Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Long-Term Adaptations to Exercise Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Maintenance, Detraining, and Prolonged Inactivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Special Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73

Chapter 4: The Effects of Physical Activity on Health and Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Overall Mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85

Cardiovascular Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Cancer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Non–Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Osteoarthritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

Osteoporosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

Obesity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Mental Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Health-Related Quality of Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Adverse Effects of Physical Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

Occurrence of Adverse Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Nature of the Activity/Health Relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Chapter 5: Patterns and Trends in Physical Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

Physical Activity among Adults in the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Physical Activity among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States . . . . . . . . . . . 186

Chapter 6: Understanding and Promoting Physical Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209

Theories and Models Used in Behavioral and Social Research on Physical Activity . . . . . . . 211

Behavioral Research on Physical Activity among Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

Behavioral Research on Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Promising Approaches, Barriers, and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

List of Tables and Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265

Audience

This is the first Surgeon General’s report to address physical activity and health. The target audience of this report is all Americans, and the main message of this report is that Americans can substantially improve their health and quality of life by including moderate amounts of physical activity in their daily lives. Health benefits from physical activity are thus achievable for most Americans, including those who may dislike vigorous exercise and those who may have been previously discouraged by the difficulty of adhering to a program of vigorous exercise. For those who are already achieving regular moderate amounts of activity, additional benefits can be gained by further increases in activity level.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$6.50
International Price:
$9.10
Publisher:
Health and Human Services Dept., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
Year/Pages:
1996: 298 p.; ill.
Notes:
The price of this item has been reduced. This reduced price is reflected in the price field. No discounts are available for this item. Special value publication. DSL 96-0305-P 07/24/96. NB1255
Key Phrases:
  • Report of the Surgeon General
  • Epidemiology
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Physical Fitness
  • Health Education
  • Sports
  • Athletics
SuDocs Class:
HE 20.7602:P 56
Weight:
2.1875
Quantity Price:
No Discount
Cover:
Paper
Subject Bibliography:
119PA 239CX
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
05/24/1996
Last Status Update:
11/23/2016
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