Fair and Equitable Treatment Progress Made and Challenges Remaining

Fair and Equitable Treatment Progress Made and Challenges Remaining
Fair and Equitable Treatment Progress Made and Challenges Remaining
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As the guardian of the merit systems principles, the MSPB has a long history of conducting studies to evaluate the “fair and equitable treatment” of all employees, regardless of personal characteristics such as ethnicity/race.  This report summarizes workforce data, as well as input from employees, to assess the Federal Government’s progress toward achieving a representative workforce and treating all employees fairly.  The results reveal that progress has been made, but some challenges remain.  This report provides specific actions that agencies and employees can take to help the Federal Government achieve an efficient, effective and representative workforce.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary i

Overview i

Findings ii

Recommendations iv

Summary vii

Introduction 1

Purpose of the Study 1

Methodology 2

Building a Diverse and Representative Workforce 5

The Case for a Diverse and Representative Workforce 5

Achieving Representation 8

Summary 15

A Status Report on the Federal Workforce 17

Representation in the Federal Workforce 17

Pay and Status 21

Occupational Distribution 22

Level of Responsibility 26

Summary 28

Fostering a Representative Workforce at All Levels 29

Analysis of Promotion Rates 29

Trends and Patterns in Overall Promotion Rates 30

Advancement to Leadership Roles 41

Current Status 41

Career-Enhancing Opportunities 44

Seizing Opportunities for Career Advancement 47

Employee Strategies for Career Advancement 47

Optimism 51

Ambition 51

Summary 52

Unifying Concerns and Distinct Challenges 53

Changing Perceptions of Discrimination 53

Different Perspectives on Discrimination 55

Concerns About Favoritism 56

Looking Back at Progress Made and Challenges That Remain 59

Findings From the 1996 Fair and Equitable Treatment Report With Brief Updates 59

Recommendations From the 1996 Fair and Equitable Treatment Report With Brief Updates 62

Addressing the Remaining Challenges 65

Fostering Fairness and Transparency 65

Safeguarding Equal Opportunities in Employment 67

Conclusions and Recommendations 71

Conclusions 71

Recommendations 73

Summary 75

Appendix A. Merit System Principles 77

Appendix B. Prohibited Personnel Practices 79

Appendix C. Discussion Group Questions 81

Appendix D. Career Advancement Survey 83

Appendix E. Occupational Definitions 95


Federal employees, their supervisors, agency management, union personnel, especially Human Capital officers and employees across the U.S. Federal Government may be interested in this report.  Additionally, members of Congress, and Federal managers within the Office of Management and Budget, and Office of Personnel Management that is responsible for policy making authority may find this guide helpful as a reference with human resources and civil service matters.  Additionally, students pursuing research for courses within these fields, especially public administration, human resources, employment law, organizational development, and industrial-organizational psychology may find this primary source document that deals with civil service issues helpful for assignments.

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