The U.s. Army In The Iraq War Volume 1: Invasion-insurgency-civil War 2003-2006

The U.s. Army In The Iraq War Volume 1: Invasion-insurgency-civil War 2003-2006
The U.S. Army in the Iraq War Volume 1: Invasion-Insurgency-Civil War 2003-2006
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The U.S. Army in the Iraq War, Volume One of Two is a highly descriptive in-depth study of the U.S. Army experience during Operation Iraqi Freedom from 2003-2006, was initiated by CENCOM General (Retired) Ray Odierno.

The objective: of this analytic study is to document the valuable lessons gleaned from actual reflections of field grade and general officers that participated in the war.  This study was produced primarily to establish a foundation of historical coverage and insightful knowledge for future leaders.

This extremely  thorougly comprehensive and thorough study consists of narrative histories to showcase the strategic decisions and tactical operations of U.S. Army command leaders during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF).  Throughout this volume, there are many references that may provide an historical timeline to the Persian Gulf War that began in the early 1990s under Saddam Hussein’s Iraqi regime. 

In more recent timeframes, this authoritative reference covers:

  • Militant and Political Violence
  • Capture of Saddam Huseein
  • Second Battle of Fullujah, November 2004
  • National Guard Challenges
  • Burning Baghdad, Summer – Fall 2006

The U. S. Army in the Iraq War Volume Two: Surge and Withdrawal, 2007-2011, is a companion and continuation of this volume.  As a preview, the second volume addresses the role of the various fighting forces, the reaction and engagement of the Iraqi people themselves, the fall of Saddam Hussein, and the aftermath. 

Related Products:

The U.S. Army in the Iraq War Volume Two: Surge and Withdrawal, 2007-2011

Iraq & Persian Gulf Wars resources collection  and Global War on Terror resources collection

Table of Contents

Foreword by the 39th Chief of Staff, U.S. Army xxvii

Foreword by the 38th Chief of Staff, U.S. Army xxix

Preface xxxi

Acknowledgments  xxxv

Chapter 1 Prologue: The Collision Course, 1991-2003 1

Beyond the Truce Tent 1

The U.S. Army After Operation DESERT STORM 3

The Iraqi Regime in the 1990s 11

The Continuing U.S.-Iraq Confrontation, 1991-2000 15

The Post-9/11 Environment  20

Endnotes - Chapter 1 22

Part I: From Invasion to Insurgency, 2002-2003 29

Chapter 2 Regime Change 31

In the Shadow of September 11, 2001  31

Planning for Regime Change 31

The Strategic Situation in Iraq 43

Endnotes - Chapter 2 49

Chapter 3 Maneuvering Into Position 55

The Ground Forces Prepare for War. 55

Iraq Prepares for War 69

Endnotes - Chapter 3 76

Chapter 4 The Invasion of Iraq, March-April 2003 81

The Invasion Begins 81

Disposition of Iraqi Forces 83

Setbacks and a Change in Plans for CFLCC 90

The Sandstorm and Operational Pause  91

The Regime Falls  95

A Validation of the RMA?  103

Endnotes - Chapter 4 105

Chapter 5 “We’re Here. Now What?” 111

Iraqi State Collapse 112

Repositioning the Force 121

xiv Militants and Political Violence  125

Endnotes - Chapter 5 127

Chapter 6 Lost in Transition, May-July 2003 133

Transitions at All Levels  133

The Disintegration of the Iraqi State and Society 140

CJTF-7’s Trial by Fire 146

The Security Situation Deteriorates 154

Ambassador Bremer and the Iraqi Interim Government 157

Endnotes - Chapter 6 162

Chapter 7 Muqawama Wa Intiqaam (Resistance and Reprisals), May-August 2003 169

The Sunnis: Disenfranchised and Extreme 169

The Coalition Perspective: Guerrilla Warfare and Insurgency 177

The Shi’a: Divided We Stand  179

The Kurds: Ambitious for Autonomy 183

Interventions by Iraq’s Neighbors 184

Endnotes - Chapter 7 188

Chapter 8 Muddling Through, August-October 2003 195

Difficulties in Formulating a New Campaign 195

The Resistance Gains Momentum 198

CJTF-7 and the CPA: A Troubled Quest for Stability 207

Endnotes - Chapter 8 219

Chapter 9 Down the Spider Hole, October-December 2003 227

Abu Ghraib and the Emerging Detention Problem  227

The Ramadan Offensive  231

The Capture of Saddam Hussein 237

Endnotes - Chapter 9  241

Chapter 10 Conclusion: From Invasion to Insurgency, 2002-2003 247

Part II: From Insurgency to Civil War, 2004-2006  253

Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm 255

Turbulence Within the Coalition 255

The Maturation of the Enemy  262

The Struggle to Formulate a Long-Term Strategy  272

Endnotes - Chapter 11 275

xv Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart, April 2004 281

An Unexpected Two-Front War 281

The Coalition Counterattack  294

The Fallout From the April Uprising  298

Endnotes - Chapter 12 304

Chapter 13 The Changing of the Guard, Again, Spring-Summer 2004 311

The Fallout of Abu Ghraib. 311
New Commands, New Missions 313

The Targeting of the New Iraqi State  322

The Expansion of the Iraqi Security Forces 323

A New Coalition Strategy 326

Endnotes - Chapter 13 330

Chapter 14 Fighting to the Elections, August-December 2004 335

Operations in Najaf  335

The Second Battle of Fallujah, November 2004  344

Endnotes - Chapter 14  357

Chapter 15 Transformation in a Time of War, January-April 2005  365

The January 2005 Transitional National Assembly Elections 365

“Iraqization”  383

The Transformation of the Insurgency 391

Endnotes - Chapter 15  397

Chapter 16 Going West, April-August 2005 407

New Government and New Sectarian Violence  407

Coalition Response in Anbar and Ninawa  414

The Continuing Detention Problem  428

Endnotes - Chapter 16   437

Chapter 17 Innovation in the Face of War, Summer-Fall 2005 445

Counterinsurgency Rediscovered   445

The Early Roots of the Awakening: The Desert Protectors 458

Special Operations Forces Transformations 461

Casey and Khalilzad Bring Provincial Reconstruction Teams to Iraq 464

Shortcomings in the ISF Development Mission  466

Endnotes - Chapter 17 476

xvi Chapter 18 Defeated by Democracy, Winter 2005-2006 485

The Iraqi Constitutional Referendum 485

Preamble to Civil War: Shi’a Sectarians Inside The Iraqi Government 494

AQI and the Amman, Jordan, Bombings 504

National Guard Challenges 505
Elections and Off-Ramps 508

Endnotes - Chapter 18  517

Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into the Open, January-June 2006 529

The Response to the December Elections 529

The Samarra Mosque Bombing 532

The “Year of the Police” 545

The Return of Lieutenant General Peter W. Chiarelli 547

The Nuri Al-Maliki Government 554

Endnotes - Chapter 19  560

Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006 569

Tactical Response in Baghdad: Operation TOGETHER FORWARD 569

General Casey’s Drawdown Plan 575

July 2006: The Sectarian Cleansing of Baghdad 579


The War of the Ministries 589

Endnotes - Chapter 20 593

Chapter 21 Hope in Ramadi 601

AQI, the Coalition, and the Battle for the Ramadi Tribes  601

1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division, Takes Over Ramadi 606

The Anbar Awakening 611

Endnotes - Chapter 21 620

Chapter 22 The Failed Transition 627

The Deteriorating Security Situation in Baghdad  628

The Shi’a South: “Embers Under Ashes”  631

Commanders in Baghdad Take Stock  635

Political Defeat of the Baghdad xvii Chapter 23 Conclusion: From Insurgency to Civil War, 2004-2006 653

Explaining the Failure of the Transition Strategy .656

Innovations, Adaptations, and Signs for the Future 658

Afterword 661

Select Bibliography and General Editor’s Notes on Sources 663

Operational Records  663

Interviews  666

Books  670

Articles  675

Monographs and Reports  678

Unpublished Papers  681

News Outlets and Newspapers 683

Endnotes - Bibliography .683

Abbreviations 685

Map Symbols 693

About the Contributors 695


Volume 1 Invasion Insurgency Civil War 2003-2006 may appeal to historians, especially military historians.  Additionally, this informative text may serve as a documented history for  current military leaders, strategists, and command personnel that could become future military leaders to carry-out strategic decision-making, and leadership within Army commands and missions that may involve special operation forces, civil-military relations, counterinsurgency, or security forces for future conflicts.  Lastly, American citizens or Iraq War veterans seeking to understand the ground level details about these challenges related to this conflict may find answers of interest in this historical reference.

A review of the extensive and detailed Table of Contents will provide interested readers with an overview and guide to place and time sensitive descriptions of the major elements of the conflict, from the years of conflict that were the precursor of the political decision to initiate war in 2003.

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  • Invasion Insurgency Civil War
  • Iraq War
  • Army History
  • Military History
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