Suppressing Over-Abundant Invasive Plants and Insects in Natural Areas by Use of Their Specialized Natural Enemies

Suppressing Over-Abundant Invasive Plants and Insects in Natural Areas by Use of Their Specialized Natural Enemies
Suppressing Over-Abundant Invasive Plants and Insects in Natural Areas by Use of Their Specialized Natural Enemies
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Biological control has long been used against invasive plants and, less often, invasive insects, in forests, aquatic systems, grasslands, coastal areas, riparian areas, islands, and other biomes or habitats of conservation concern. Historically, motivation for such efforts has shifted gradually away from economic interests toward ecological protection for its own sake. Future projects of this type will require better integration of biological control into conservation practice, a better understanding by societies of the reasons for such work and its possible risks and benefits, as well as continued, consistent public funding. Examples of successful projects in high-value conservations areas (Everglades, Galápagos, oceanic islands, wetlands, forests) are discussed, and future challenges and caveats mentioned.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1. History of Biocontrol in Natural Areas and Issues Affecting Its Use
R. G. Van Driesche 2

Chapter 2. Improving Health of Native Galápagos Plants by Introducing a Specialized Predator of the Invasive Cottony Cushion Scale
C. E. Causton1 , C. Calderón Alvaréz1 , C. D. Hoddle2 , M. S. Hoddle2 , M. P. Lincango1 , T. G. A. Poulsom1 , and R. G. Van Driesche 16

Chapter 3. Potential for Biological Control of a Parasite of Darwin’s Finches
R. A. Boulton and G. E. Heimpel 23

Chapter 4. Restoring Gumwood Forests on St Helena: The Contribution of Biocontrol of Orthezia Scale
S. V. Fowler 29

Chapter 5. Protection of Wiliwili Trees, the Foundation of Hawaiian Dry Forests, through Suppression of an Invasive Gall Wasp
L. V. Kaufman1 and J. Yalemar 36

Chapter 6. Can Ash Communities and Their Dependent Species be Partially Protected through Biological Control of Emerald Ash Borer?
J. J. Duan 41

Chapter 7. Biological Control of Waterhyacinth Restores Ecosystem Functioning to an Impoundment in South Africa
M. P. Hill and J. A. Coetzee 48

Chapter 8. The Role of Melaleuca Control in Everglades Restoration: Accomplishments and Future Plans
E. C. Lake, P. W. Tipping, M. B. Rayamajhi1, P. D. Pratt, F. A. Dray Jr., G. S. Wheeler, M. F. Purcell, and T. D. Center 53

Chapter 9. Partial Restoration of Native Rainforests in the Island ofTahiti (French Polynesia) after Introduction of a Fungal Pathogen to Control the Invasive Tree Miconia calvescens
J.-Y. Meyer 59

Chapter 10. Strategic Restoration of Saltcedar-affected Riparian Ecosystems of the U.S. Southwest: Integration of Biocontrol and Ecohydrological Conditions in Restoration Planning
T. L. Dudley, D. W. Bean and C. J. DeLoach 64

Chapter 11. Future Trends in Use of Natural-Area Biocontrol
R. G. Van Driesche 74

References 77


Environmentalists, nature conservationists, scientists, forestry personnel, USDA employees, and others interested in biological control would be interested in this publication.

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Agriculture Dept., Forest Service
  • Van Driesche, Roy G.
Key Phrases:
  • Over Abundant Invasive Plants
  • Insects
  • Invasive Plants
  • Plants
  • Pest Control
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