The Rapid Evolution of the MS-13 in El Salvador & Honduras From Gang to Tier-One Threat to Central America and U.S. Security Interests

The Rapid Evolution of the MS-13 in El Salvador & Honduras From Gang to Tier-One Threat to Central America and U.S. Security Interests
Title:
The Rapid Evolution of the MS-13 in El Salvador & Honduras From Gang to Tier-One Threat to Central America and U.S. Security Interests
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
008-046-00325-4
ISBN:
9780160947933
Description

This study focuses on the MS 13 in Honduras and El Salvador, where it represents an existential threat to the viability of the state. In both countries, the gang has achieved new levels of power and sophistication, via increased revenues from its control of multiple steps in the cocaine supply chain. Now, the MS 13 is not solely involved in transporting cocaine; it also unloads shipments arriving by air from Venezuela and in Honduras runs laboratories that transform coca paste – mostly from Colombia - to hydrochloric acid.

The Mara Salvatrucha (MS 13) gang is now a tier one criminal, political, military and economic threat in the Northern Triangle.1 While it employs differing strategies from country to country, the organization nonetheless competes with – and often defeats – the state in important theaters of operation. The evolution was described by one gang expert in El Salvador as moving from “gangsters to political conspirators,” visible in the spikes in gang-driven homicide rates (up to 40 a day when necessary) when the gangs are seeking to pressure the government for concessions on key issues.

Table of Contents

Introduction and General Framework 5

The Next Steps 8

Key Strategies and Trends 10

From Accommodation to Direct Action 12

Initial Steps: From Local Control to National Political Players 12

The Honduran Earthquake 14

The MS 13 Convergence with the Bolivarian Revolution: Tactical or Strategic? 15

The Salvador Model: Homicides as Negotiating Strategy 17

Understanding The Violence: Other Intervening Factors 18

The Rural Strategy and the Move to Nicaragua 20

The Rural Expansion 20

The Move to the Coast and Border Regions 21

Expansion in Nicaragua 22

Conclusions 24

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$8.00
International Price:
$11.20
Publisher:
Defense Dept., National Defense University, William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies
Author:
  • Farah, Douglas
Notes:
Although this was ordered with a Navy stock number, it will be published by Natiuonal Defense University. Its Pdf is online already.
Key Phrases:
  • Perry Center Occasional Paper
  • MS 13
  • El Salvador
  • Honduras
  • Rapid Evolution of the MS-13
  • Naval History
Weight:
0.3125
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Paper
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
10/01/2018
Last Status Update:
01/07/2019
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