Introduction to Prescribed Burning in Southern Ecosystems

Introduction to Prescribed Burning in Southern Ecosystems
Title:
Introduction to Prescribed Fire in Southern Ecosystems
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
001-000-04793-1
ISBN:
9780160943959
Description

The objective of this Introduction to Prescribed Burning is to help resource managers plan and execute prescribed burns in Southern forests and grasslands by: l Explaining the reasons for prescribed burning l Emphasizing the environmental effects l Explaining the importance of weather in prescribed burning l Describing the various techniques of prescribed burning l Giving general information pertaining to prescribed burning

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

History and Ecology of Fire.......... 1

Present Use . ......................2

Impact of Prescribed Burning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Reasons for Prescribed Fire in Forest and Grassland Management 5

Reduce Hazardous Fuels .........................5

Dispose of Logging Debris 6

Prepare Sites for Seeding or Planting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Improve Wildlife Habitat 6 Manage Competing Vegetation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Control Insects and Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Improve Forage for Grazing 8 Enhance Appearance and Access 9

Perpetuate Species and Communities that Require Fire 9

Environmental Effects 11 Vegetation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 11

Soil 12

Water Quality 13

Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Human Health and Welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Wildlife 15

Aesthetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Weather and Fuel Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Important Weather Elements 19

Collecting and Using Weather Information on the Burn 33

Firing Techniques 35 General 35

Backing Fire 35 Strip-Heading Fire 36

Flanking Fire 37

Point Source Fires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Prescribed Burning on Slopes 39

Aerial Ignition 40

Center and Circular (Ring) Firing 41

Pile and Windrow Burning 41

Smoke Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Smoke Management Planning 43 Daytime Smoke Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Nighttime Smoke Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Other Points to Consider 52

Executing a Smoke Management Plan 53

Planning the Prescribed Burn 55 The Written Plan 55

Simple Understory Prescribed Burning Unit Plan 58

Understory Prescribed Burning Unit Plan 59

Postharvest Prescribed Burning Unit Plan 60

Preparing for the Prescribed Burn 61

Establishing Control Lines 61

After Control Lines are Established 61

Burn Unit Map 61 Executing the Burn . . . . . 63

Checklist 64 Evaluating the Burn 65

General Points to be Considered 65 Points in First Evaluation . . . . . . 65

Points for Second Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Indications and Guidelines 65 Coordination of Burning 67

General Rules 69 Red Flag Situations 70

Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Suggested Reading 76

 

Audience

Individuals engaged in fire protection and maintenance, public officials within the Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture responsible for and managing fire control with emphasis within the Southern U.S. ecosystem, scholars and students  engaged in instructing and learning to become a fir emanagement person.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$18.00
International Price:
$25.20
Publisher:
Agriculture Dept., Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Research and Development
Author:
  • Waldrop, Thomas A.
Key Phrases:
  • Science Update SRS 054
  • Prescribed Burning in Southern Ecosystems
  • Fires
Weight:
0.4375
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Paper
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
03/14/2018
Last Status Update:
06/20/2018
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