Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025

Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025
Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025
USA Price: 
GPO Stock Number:

Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025 Edition, provides science-based advice on what to eat and drink to promote health, reduce risk of chronic disease, and meet nutrient needs. The 2020-2025 edition builds from the 2015 edition, with revisions grounded in the Scientific Report of the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and consideration of Federal agency and public comments. Dietary Guidelines is designed for policymakers and nutrition and health professionals to help all individuals and their families consume a healthy, nutritionally adequate diet. The information in the Dietary Guidelines is used to develop, implement, and evaluate Federal food, nutrition, and health policies Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025.


Table of Contents

Message From the Secretaries  v Acknowledgments vi

Executive Summary vii


Setting the Stage  3

Grounded in Science and Focused on Public Health  3

A Spotlight on Dietary Patterns  6

Healthy Dietary Patterns at Every Life Stage  6

Dietary Guidelines for Americans: What It Is, What It Is Not  7

Quantitative Guidance on Foods, Not Nutrient Requirements  7

Health Promotion, Not Disease Treatment  7

Developing the Dietary Guidelines for Americans  7

Stage 1: Identify Topics and Supporting Scientific Questions  8

Stage 2: Appoint a Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee To Review Current Scientific Evidence 8

Stage 3: Develop the Dietary Guidelines 11

Stage 4: Implement the Dietary Guidelines 12

A Roadmap to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025 14

Chapter 1: Nutrition and Health Across the Lifespan: The Guidelines and Key Recommendations 15

The Guidelines 17

Guideline 1: Follow a Healthy Dietary Pattern at Every Life Stage 19

What Is a Dietary Pattern? 19

The Health Benefits of a Healthy Dietary Pattern 23

A Healthy Dietary Pattern Supports Appropriate Calorie Levels 23

Most Americans Do Not Follow a Healthy Dietary Pattern 26

Guideline 2: Customize and Enjoy Food and Beverage Choices To Reflect Personal Preferences, Cultural Traditions, and Budgetary Considerations 27

Guideline 3: Focus on Meeting Food Group Needs With Nutrient-Dense Foods and Beverages, and Stay Within Calorie Limits 30

Vegetables 31

Fruits 32

Grains 32

Dairy and Fortified Soy Alternatives 33

Protein Foods 33

Oils 35

Beverages 35

Dietary Components of Public Health Concern for Underconsumption 36

Guideline 4: Limit Foods and Beverages Higher in Added Sugars, Saturated Fat, and Sodium, and Limit Alcoholic Beverages 37

Added Sugars 41

Saturated Fat 44

Sodium 46

Alcoholic Beverages 49

Support Healthy Dietary Patterns for All Americans 50

Looking Toward the Life Stages 50

Chapter 2: Infants and Toddlers 51

Introduction 53

Putting the Key Recommendations Into Action 54

Feed Infants Human Milk for the First 6 Months, If Possible 54

Provide Infants Supplemental Vitamin D Beginning Soon After Birth 56

Introduce Infants to Nutrient-Dense Complementary Foods at About 6 Months Old 56

Introduce Infants to Potentially Allergenic Foods Along With Other Complementary Foods 58

Encourage Infants and Toddlers To Consume a Variety of Complementary Foods and Beverages To Meet Energy and Nutrient Needs 59

Establish a Healthy Beverage Pattern 61

Healthy Dietary Pattern During a Toddler's Second Year of Life 63

Current Intakes 65

Supporting Healthy Eating 67

Accessing a Healthy Dietary Pattern 68

Looking Toward Chapter 3: Children and Adolescents 68

 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025 — Page ii

Chapter 3: Children and Adolescents  69

Introduction 71

Healthy Dietary Patterns 72

Current Intakes 75

Special Considerations 87

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages 87

Dairy and Fortified Soy Alternatives 88

Adolescent Nutrition 88

Supporting Healthy Eating 89

Accessing a Healthy Dietary Pattern 90

Looking Toward Chapter 4: Adults 90

Chapter 4:

Adults 91

Introduction 93

Healthy Dietary Patterns 95

Current Intakes 97

Special Considerations 101

Dietary Fiber 101

Calcium and Vitamin D 101

Saturated Fat 102

Sodium 102

Added Sugars 103

Alcoholic Beverages 104

Supporting Healthy Eating 104

Accessing a Healthy Dietary Pattern 105

Looking Toward Chapter 5:

Women Who Are Pregnant or Lactating 

Chapter 6:

Older Adults 106

Chapter 5: Women Who Are Pregnant or Lactating 107

Introduction 109

Healthy Dietary Patterns 110

Current Intakes 113

Special Considerations 115

Meeting Nutrient Needs 115

Folate/Folic Acid 115

Iron 115

Iodine 116

Choline 117

Seafood 117

Alcoholic Beverages 117

Caffeine 118

Supporting Healthy Eating 120


Nutrition and health professionals, individuals and their families. Additional audiences include schools and the food industry.

Product Details

Availability Details:
USA Price:
International Price:
Health and Human Services Dept. and Agriculture Dept
Key Phrases:
  • Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Nutrition
  • Diet
Quantity Price:
Unit of Issue (US):
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
Record Creation Date:
Last Status Update:
Back to Top