Chinese Military Reforms in the Age of Xi Jinping: Drivers, Challenges, and Implications

Chinese Military Reforms in the Age of Xi Jinping: Drivers, Challenges, and Implications
Title:
Chinese Military Reforms in the Age of Xi Jinping: Drivers, Challenges, and Implications
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
008-000-01238-5
ISBN:
9780160937873
Description

Excerpt from Chinese Military Reforms in the Age of Xi Jinping: Drivers, Challenges, and Implications:

Chinese military modernization has made impressive strides in the past decade. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has achieved progress in key technological areas, ranging from precision-guided missiles to advanced surface ships and combat aircraft; PLA personnel are more highly trained and skilled, capable of carrying out increasingly complex operations near to and farther away from China’s shores; and Chinese military doctrine and strategy have been updated to emphasize modern, joint maneuver warfare on a high-tech battlefield. This progress has been supported by significant increases in Chinese defense spending every year since 1990. Taken together, these changes better enable the PLA to fight what the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) describes as “short-duration, high-intensity regional conflicts.”

Yet, as the title of a 2015 RAND report suggests, PLA modernization has been “incomplete.” Among the major weaknesses outlined in that report was the PLA’s antiquated organizational structure, which had experienced few major changes since the 1950s. Key problems included the lack of a permanent joint command and control (C2) structure, inadequate central supervision—which bred corruption, lowered morale, and inhibited the development of a professional force—and institutional barriers in the defense research and development (R&D) process. Prior military reforms made only limited and incremental adjustments to the PLA’s structure; more comprehensive reform efforts stalled in the face of bureaucratic resistance.

In late 2015 and early 2016, the PLA sought to correct these problems by enacting a series of major structural reforms. These changes, part of a broader set of national defense reforms being pursued under the leadership of President Xi Jinping, represent the most ambitious, wide-reaching, and important restructuring of the PLA since 1949.

EST. DELIVERY DATE 04/28/17.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

Executive Summary ........................................................................................... 1
Introduction........................................................................................................ 4
A New PLA Organization ................................................................................. 6
Drivers of Reform.............................................................................................23
Political Strategy to Implement the Reforms................................................37
Implications.......................................................................................................42
Next Steps and Areas for Further Research ..................................................49
Conclusion ........................................................................................................54
Appendix 1. Leadership...................................................................................55
Appendix 2. Central Military Committee Departments.............................61
Acknowledgments............................................................................................66
Notes ..................................................................................................................67
About the Authors............................................................................................87

Audience

Officials in the Department of Defense (DOD), other government agencies, Members of Congress, faculty and students of the National Defense University and other components of the DOD professional military education system, and American and international analysts of Chinese military affairs would be interested in this publication.

Reviews

Princeton-Harvard Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs--China and the World Program -- News section -- Article: Chinese Military Reforms in the Age of Xi Jinping: Drivers, Challenges, and Implications   by Joel Wuthnow and Phillip C. Saunders  May 9, 2017

"[...] The ultimate effectiveness of efforts to strengthen CCP control will depend on Xi’s ability to devote sufficient attention to supervising the military and on the loyalty of the officers who will implement the control mechanisms. If Xi’s leadership falters or if a slowing Chinese economy can no longer provide resources for military modernization, PLA leaders may grow dissatisfied with Xi’s efforts to strengthen CCP control over military affairs and to emphasize political ideology. The restructuring could create new opportunities for U.S.-China military contacts. The PLA now has closer counterpart positions for some senior U.S. billets, such as Chief of Staff of the Army. This could provide an opportunity for more productive exchanges. The creation of a new joint command system and the role of the theater commanders in directing operations will require adjustments to existing confidence-building and communications measures to ensure that U.S. and Chinese forces can communicate effectively during a crisis."

https://cwp.princeton.edu/news/chinese-military-reforms-age-xi-jinping-d...

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$31.00
International Price:
$43.40
Publisher:
Defense Dept., National Defense University, Institute for National Strategic Studies, Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs
Author:
  • Wuthnow, Joel
Key Phrases:
  • China Strategic Perspectives 10
  • China
  • Xi Jinping
  • Military Science
  • Drivers, Challenges, and Implications
Weight:
0.75
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Paper
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Record Creation Date:
03/30/2017
Last Status Update:
02/27/2019
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