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Adapting to Flexible Response, 1960-1968

Title:
Adapting to Flexible Response, 1960-1968
Format:
Hardcover
USA Price: 
Stock:
Low stock
GPO Stock Number:
008-000-01082-0
ISBN:
9780160921834
Description

Volume 2 of the History of Acquisition in the Department of Defense, by Walter S. Poole.  (See Volume 1, Rearming for the Cold War in Hardcover Print and eBook). Contains a history of Federal defense acquisition of major weapon systems by the United States armed forces from 1960 to 1968. Organized chronologically, with individual chapters addressing the new needs for flexibility in defense acquisition in response to the rapidly changing security environment under two periods: the President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson administrations.

Covers weapon acquisitions for the Vietnam War, and the rise of nuclear threats, strategic missile systems, military helicopters and nuclear submarines. Includes topics such as dissolving the link between incentives and profits, total package procurement, creation of Federal program managers, prototyping vs component-based systems, and more.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii

I. Strategic Setting: Striving for Flexibility . . . . . . 1
Emphasizing Nuclear Retaliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Strategy Changes Quickly, Capability Slowly . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Reworking Nuclear Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Graduated Pressure: Theory and Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
The Industrial Base: Pushing “State of the Art” . . . . . . . . . . . 14
The Political and Economic Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

II. Bidding for Control: Secretary McNamara and the
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Creating the PPBS and FYDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Changing the Locus of Decisionmaking: 1961–1964 . . . . . . . . .26
“Systems Analysis” Becomes a Fighting Term: 1965–1968 . . . . . . . 28
Defining the Acquisition Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Reworking Logistic Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Contributions of the Defense Supply Agency and the Defense Contract Administration Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

III. The Shortcomings of Fixed-price Contracting . . 49
Contracting in the 1950s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Profit Opportunity: Spur to Efficiency or to Deception? . . . . . . . 53
The Turn to Fixed-price Incentive Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Striving for “Truth” in Cost Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Challenging the Rationale for Incentives . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Streamlining Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
The Hershey Pricing Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Dissolving the Link Between Incentives and Profits . . . . . . . . . 70
Total Package Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Program Management and the Program Manager . . . . . . . . . . 77

IV. Innovation: Coping with “Unanticipated Unknowns” . 95
Concurrency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Alternatives: Prototyping or Component Growth . . . . . . . . . . 101
Case Study: The Mark II Avionics System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Rating Government versus Private Contributions . . . . . . . . . . 107
Forecast and Hindsight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
V. The Army Re-equips Itself . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
The Army Materiel Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Choosing a Rifle: M–14 versus AR–15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Shillelaghs, Sheridans, and M60s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Failure of the MBT70 Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
TOW: A Success Story . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Forward Air Defense: Hits and Misses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Sergeant: The Perils of Co-contracting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
The Helicopter Comes of Age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

VI. The Air Force Shifts Emphasis . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
General Schriever and Systems Command . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Paradoxes of the Aerospace Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Reorienting Tactical Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
No New Manned Bomber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Long-range Airlift: C–141 Shines, C–5A Stumbles . . . . . . . . . 199

VII. The F–111: A Series of Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
A Complex Design Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
General Dynamics and the Prime Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Teething Troubles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
The Travails of “Icarus” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
The Navy Scuttles Its Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
A Disappointing Balance Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

VIII. Managing Strategic Missile Systems . . . . . . . . . 249
Polaris and Poseidon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
Minuteman I, II, and III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Missile Defense Meets Insuperable Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . . 270

IX. Warships and Their Weapons . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
From Bureaus to Systems Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
The Shipbuilding Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Nuclear Attack Submarines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Travails of the Mark 48 Torpedo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Nuclear-powered Surface Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
Destroyers and Escorts: Decisions Delayed . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Troubles of the “3 Ts” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312

X. Space Ventures: A Mixed Record . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Mission Rivalry: DoD and NASA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Cancellations: Dyna-Soar and the Manned Orbiting Laboratory . . . . 324
Workhorse: Titan III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

XI. Vietnam: Proving Ground and Graveyard . . . . . 341
Managing Munitions Shortages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
The Advent of “Smart” Bombs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Rolling Thunder as a Wizard War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355
The M–16: Controversy Continues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Army Helicopters: En Masse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365
Marine Helicopters: Unique and Common . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Building an Infiltration Barrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373

XII. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383

APPENDIX: Key Acquisition Officials, 1959–1969 . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429

 

Audience

Members of the military; Vietnam War Veterans; policymakers, government officials, agencies involved in defense acquisition; and historians/students interested in the history of Federal defense acquisition; as well as members of the general public interested in this subject will want a copy of this book.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$41.00
International Price:
$57.40
Publisher:
Defense Dept., Office of the Secretary of Defense, Historical Office
Author:
  • Poole, Walter S.
Year/Pages:
2013: 503 p.; ill.
Key Phrases:
  • History of Acquisition in the Department of Defense, V. 2
Weight:
3.0625
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Cloth
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
02/04/2014
Last Status Update:
10/04/2017
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