Workforce 2000: Work and Workers for the 21st Century

Workforce 2000: Work and Workers for the 21st Century
Workforce 2000: Work and Workers for the 21st Century
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Predicts trends for the next 15 years (1987 through 2002) and discusses policy issues. Recognizes six challenges: stimulating world growth; improving productivity in the service industries; improving the dynamism of an aging workforce; reconciling the needs of women, work, and families; integrating Blacks and Hispanics fully into the workforce; and improving workers' education and skills. HI-3796-RR. Published by Hudson Institute, Herman Kahn Center, Indianapolis, Indiana. William B. Johnson, Project Director.

Some printings indicate "Executive Summary" on the cover, but, if copies have 145 pages, contain the full report as well as the summary. Item 745.


Policymakers and businesses, as well as employees of any gender or race and ethnicity, would be interested in this study about improving the workforce and making sure businesses adhere to policies designed to make the workforce more diverse and fair.



From The publication outlines four key trends it predicted will shape the American labor force in the final years of the 20th century.

  1. The American economy should grow at a relatively healthy pace.
  2. Despite its international comeback, however, U.S. manufacturing constitutes a much smaller share of the economy in the year 2000 than it does today.
  3. The work force will grow slowly, becoming older, more female, and more disadvantaged.
  4. The new jobs in service industries will demand much higher skills.

These trends raise a number of important policy issues. If the United States is to continue to prosper, policymakers must find ways to accomplish the following: stimulate balanced world growth; accelerate productivity increases in service industries; maintain the dynamism of an aging work force, reconcile the conflicting needs of women, work, and families; integrate Black and Hispanic workers fully into the economy; and improve the educational preparation of all workers.

Because of the uncertainty of long-range economic forecasts, three scenarios of the U.S. economy in the year 2000 have been devised.

  1. The first of these, the baseline or "surprise-free" scenario, calls for a modest improvement in the growth rate that the nation experienced between 1970 and 1985 but not a return to the boom times of the 1950s and 1960s.
  2. The "world deflation" scenario focuses on the possibility that a worldwide glut of labor and production capacity in food, minerals, and manufactured goods could lead to a sustained deflation and sluggish economic growth.
  3. The third scenario, the "technology boom," postulates a powerful rebound in U.S. economic growth to levels that are comparable with the first two decades after World War II. (MN)


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Labor Dept., Employment and Training Administration
  • Johnston, William B.
BIP. NB1202 GB1105 GB1106 GB1107
Key Phrases:
  • Labor Supply
  • Employment
  • Employment Forecasting
  • Womens Employment
  • Employee Training
  • Minority Employment
  • Older Workers
SuDocs Class:
L 1.2:W 89/18
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Subject Bibliography:
044FR 111UT
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