U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Maryland and Fredericksburg Campaigns, 1862-1863

U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Maryland and Fredericksburg Campaigns, 1862-1863
U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Maryland and Fredericksburg Campaigns, 1862-1863
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The Saga of America's Civil War Continues to Matter

Although over one hundred fifty years have passed since the start of the American Civil War, that titanic conflict continues to matter. The forces unleashed by that war were immensely destructive because of the significant issues involved: the existence of the Union, the end of slavery, and the very future of the nation. The war remains our most contentious, and our bloodiest, with over six hundred thousand killed in the course of the four-year struggle. Most civil wars do not spring up overnight, and the American Civil War was no exception. The seeds of the conflict were sown in the earliest days of the republic’s founding, primarily over the existence of slavery and the slave trade.

The Campaigns herein demonstrate the uncertainty on the battlefield with considerably different outcomes. The Maryland Campaign, specifically the Battle for Antietam, was a battlefield draw but a strategic success for the Union forces. Whereas at the Fredericksburg Campaign General Lee's Army defeated the Union forces thus setting the stage for a second Confederate invasion of the North in 1863.

Although no conflict can begin without the conscious decisions of those engaged in the debates at that moment, in the end, there was simply no way to paper over the division of the country into two camps: one that was dominated by slavery and the other that sought first to limit its spread and then to abolish it. Our nation was indeed “half slave and half free,” and that could not stand. Regardless of the factors tearing the nation asunder, the soldiers on each side of the struggle went to war for personal reasons: looking for adventure, being caught up in the passions and emotions of their peers, believing in the Union, favoring states’ rights, or even justifying the simple schoolyard dynamic of being convinced that they were “worth” three of the soldiers on the other side. Whatever the reasons, the struggle was long and costly and only culminated with the conquest of the rebellious Confederacy, the preservation of the Union, and the end of slavery.


Related Products:

American Civil War resources collection can be found here:https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/wars-conflicts/ame...

Other products produced by the U.S. Army, Center of Miltiary History can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/1061



Students, teachers, members of the military and members of the general public interested in learning about The Civil War, especially in more detail about the period between 1862 and 1863.

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Defense Dept., Army, Center of Military History
  • Jamieson, Perry D.
Key Phrases:
  • CMH Pub 75-6
  • Maryland, Fredericksburg
  • Civil War
  • Military History
  • Army History
  • Maryland
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