U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877

U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877
U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War: The Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877
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U.S. Army Campaigns of the Civil War series.

Within two months of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House on 9 April 1865, the Confederacy had collapsed, and its armed forces had ceased to exist. In the spring of 1865, the U.S. Army faced the unprecedented task of occupying eleven conquered Southern states and administering “Reconstruction”—the process by which the former rebellious states would be restored to the Union. But a rapid demobilization of the Army placed the remaining occupation troops at a disadvantage almost from the start.

This brochure traces the Army’s law enforcement, stability, and peacekeeping roles in the South from May 1865 to the end of Reconstruction in 1877, marking a unique period in American history. During that time, the Southern states remained under military occupation, and for several years, they were also ruled by military government. Veteran Army commanders such as Philip H. Sheridan, John M. Schofield, Daniel E. Sickles, Edward R. S. Canby, and Winfield S. Hancock may have found the work of Reconstruction less dangerous than fighting the Civil War had been, but they also found it no less challenging.

This series and collection of titles were produced to tie in with the 150th anniversary of the American Civil War.  This book may appeal to military historians, and consumers interested in the Civil War.  Additionally, high school students through graduate school students may find this resource helpful for researching the Civil War for American History essay term papers.  Military personnel may also be interested in this Reconstruction strategy under these veteran Army Commanders.


Mark L. Bradley is a historian at the U.S. Army Center of Military History in Washington, D.C. He received his bachelor’s degree in history from North Carolina State University, and his master’s and Ph.D. degrees in history from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His publications include Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville (Campbell, Calif., 1995), This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2000), and Bluecoats and Tar Heels: Soldiers and Civilians in Reconstruction North Carolina (Lexington, Ky., 2009).

Other titles that may be of interest pertaining to the American Civil War can be found at this link: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/us-military-history/wars-conflicts/ame...

Other products produced by the US Army, Center of Military History can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/1061



This publication would be valuable to students, teachers, members of the military and members of the general public interested in learning about The Civil War, especially the Reconstruction period just after the end of the War.

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  • Bradley, Mark L.
Key Phrases:
  • Center of Military History Publication 75 18
  • United States Army Campaigns of the Civil War
  • Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877
  • Reconstruction, 1865-1877
  • Army History
  • Military History
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