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United States Reports, V. 566, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court

Title:
United States Reports, V. 566, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term 2011 March 20 Through June 20, 2012
Format:
Hardcover
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GPO Stock Number:
028-001-00537-3
ISBN:
9780160939471
Description

The U. S. Report volume and part numbers sets forth the name and citation of each case; notes each case's docket number and date of issuance; specifies the sequential "R" number assigned by the Reporter of Decisions to the slip opinion after it was issued; and includes a brief summary of the case's holding.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents (Vol. 566; parts 1 and 2):

 

 

Martinez v. Ryan, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R031; No. 10-1001; 3/20/12. Where, under state law, ineffective-assistance-of-trial-counsel claims may only be raised in an initial-review collateral proceeding, not on direct review, a procedural default will not bar a federal habeas court from hearing those claims if, in the initial-review collateral proceeding, there was no counsel or counsel in that proceeding was ineffective.

 

 

Coleman v. Court of Appeals of Md., 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R032; No. 10-1016; 3/20/12. The Fourth Circuit's judgment that the self-care provision of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U. S. C. §§2612(a)(1)(D), did not abrogate the States' immunity from suits alleging violations of that provision is affirmed.

 

 

Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. , 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R033; No. 10-1150; 3/20/12. Respondent's process for identifying correlations between metabolite levels and likely harm or ineffectiveness of drugs used to treat autoimmune disorders is not patent eligible.

 

 

Roberts v. Sea-Land Services, Inc., 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R034; No. 10-1399; 3/20/12. For purposes of the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation benefits cap—which is twice the national average weekly wage for the fiscal year in which compensation is newly awarded, 33 U. S. C. §906(c)—an employee is “newly awarded compensation” when he first becomes disabled and thereby becomes statutorily entitled to benefits, no matter whether, or when, a compensation order issues on his behalf.

 

 

Sackett v. EPA, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R035; No. 10-1062; 3/21/12. The Sacketts may bring a civil action under the Administrative Procedure Act to challenge an Environmental Protection Agency compliance order asserting that their residential lot is subject to the Clean Water Act and that they have violated the provisions of the Act.

 

 

Missouri v. Frye, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R036; No. 10-444; 3/21/12. The Sixth Amendment right to effective assistance of counsel extends to the consideration of plea offers that lapse or are rejected; defense counsel has the duty to communicate formal plea offers with favorable terms and conditions; defendants must demonstrate a reasonable probability that they would have accepted a lapsed or rejected offer and that the plea would have been entered even if the prosecution had discretion to cancel it or the trial court had discretion to refuse to accept it; here, the Missouri appellate court should determine in the first instance whether the plea would have been adhered to by the prosecution and accepted by the trial court.

 

 

Lafler v. Cooper, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R037; No. 10-209; 3/21/12. Where counsel's ineffective advice led to a plea offer's rejection, and where the prejudice alleged is having to stand trial, a defendant must show that but for that advice, there is a reasonable probability that the offer would have been presented to the court, that the court would have accepted its terms, and that the conviction, sentence, or both would have been less severe than under the actual judgment and sentence imposed; any remedy must neutralize the taint of a constitutional violation, but must not grant a windfall to the defendant or needlessly squander the resources the State properly invested in the prosecution.

 

 

Zivotofsky v. Clinton, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R038; No. 10-699; 3/26/12. The political question doctrine does not bar judicial review of the constitutionality of

§214(d) of the Foreign Relations Act, Fiscal Year 2003, which directs the Secretary of State, upon request by or for a United States citizen born in Jerusalem, to record the place of birth as Israel for purposes of registration of birth, certification of nationality, or issuance of a passport.

 

 

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC v. Simmonds, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R039; No. 10-1261; 3/26/12. Even assuming that the 2-year period to file suit against a corporate insider under

§16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 can be extended, the Ninth Circuit erred in determining that the period is tolled until the insider files a disclosure statement required by §16(a).

 

 

Setser v. United States, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R040; No. 10-7387; 3/28/12. Where Setser was sentenced on federal drug charges while he had state charges pending, the Federal District Court had discretion to order that the federal sentence run consecutively to one of Setser's anticipated state sentences and concurrently with the other; the state court's subsequent decision to make Setser's state sentences run concurrently did not establish that the Federal District Court imposed an unreasonable sentence.

 

 

Vartelas v. Holder, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R041; No. 10-1211; 3/28/12. The impact of Vartelas' brief travel abroad on his permanent resident status is determined not by the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, but by the legal regime in force at the time of Vartelas' 1994 felony conviction.

 

 

FAA v. Cooper, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R042; No. 10-1024; 3/28/12. The Privacy Act of 1974, which contains a detailed set of requirements for the management of records held by Executive Branch agencies, does not unequivocally authorize damages for mental or emotional distress and therefore does not waive the Government's sovereign immunity from liability for such harms.

 

 

Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders of County of Burlington, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R043; No. 10-945; 4/2/12. Here, the county jails' search policy for newly admitted arrestees—which required the arrestees to undergo a close visual inspection while undressed—struck a reasonable balance between inmate privacy and the institutions' needs; thus, the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments do not require adoption of an exception for persons who have been arrested for minor offenses and have given corrections officers no reason to suspect that they are concealing weapons, drugs, or other contraband.

 

 

Rehberg v. Paulk, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R044; No. 10-788; 4/2/12. A witness in a grand jury proceeding is entitled to the same absolute immunity from suit under 42 U. S. C. §1983 as a witness who testifies at trial.

 

 

Vasquez v. United States, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R045; No. 11-199; 4/2/12. Certiorari dismissed as improvidently granted.

 

 

Filarsky v. Delia, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R046; No. 10-1018; 4/17/12. A private individual temporarily retained by the government to carry out its work—here, a private attorney engaged by a city—is entitled to seek qualified immunity from suit under 42 U. S. C. §1983.

 

 

Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Ltd. v. Novo Nordisk A/S, 566 U. S. 1 ___ (2012)

 

R047; No. 10-844; 4/17/12. The manufacturer of a generic drug “may assert a counterclaim” in a patent infringement suit, pursuant to 21 U. S. C. §355(j)(5)(C)(ii)(I), in order to force correction of a “use code”—a description of a patent's scope that brand manufacturers are required to submit to the Federal Drug Administration—on the ground that such code inaccurately describes the brand's patent as covering a particular method of using the drug.

 

 

 

Kappos v. Hyatt, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R048; No. 10-1219; 4/18/12. There are no limitations on a patent applicant's ability to introduce new evidence in a 35 U. S. C. §145 action against the Director of the Patent and Trade Office beyond those already present in the Federal Rules of Evidence and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; if new evidence is presented on a disputed question of fact, the district court must make de novo findings that take account of both the new evidence and the administrative record.

 

 

Mohamad v. Palestinian Authority, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R049; No. 11-88; 4/18/12. The term “individual” as used in the Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991 encompasses only natural persons and thus does not impose liability against organizations for acts of torture and extrajudicial killing committed under authority or color of law of any foreign nation.

 

 

Wood v. Milyard, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R050; No. 10-9995; 4/24/12. Federal courts of appeals, like district courts, have the authority—though not the obligation—to raise a forfeited timeliness defense to a habeas petition on their own initiative in exceptional cases; but the Tenth Circuit abused its discretion when it dismissed Wood's petition as untimely after the State deliberately waived its statute of limitations defense.

 

 

United States v. Home Concrete & Supply, LLC, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R051; No. 11-139; 4/25/12. Title 26 U. S. C. §6501(e)(1)(A), which extends from three to six years the period in which the Government must assess a deficiency against a taxpayer when a taxpayer “omits from gross income an amount . . . in excess of 25 percent” of stated income, does not apply to an overstatement of basis.

 

 

Hall v. United States, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R052; No. 10-875; 5/14/12. Federal income tax liability resulting from a Chapter 12 bankruptcy petitioner's postpetition farm sale is not incurred by the estate under 11 U. S. C. §503(b) and is neither collectible nor dischargeable in the reorganization plan.

 

 

Astrue v. Capato, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R053; No. 11-159; 5/21/12. In determining whether a child is eligible for Social Security survivors benefits, the Social Security Administration's interpretation—which is that 42 U. S. C. §§416(h)(2) and (h)(3)(C) entitle biological children to benefits only if they qualify for inheritance from the decedent under state intestacy law, or satisfy one of the statutory alternatives to that requirement—is better attuned to the statute's text and its design to benefit primarily those supported by the deceased wage earner in his or her lifetime, and is at least a permissible construction entitled to deference under Chevron U. S. A. Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U. S. 837.

 

 

Taniguchi v. Kan Pacific Saipan, Ltd., 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R054; No. 10-1472; 5/21/12. Because “interpreter” ordinarily means someone who translates orally from one language to another, the category “compensation of interpreters,” which is among the costs that may be awarded under 28 U. S. C. §1920 to prevailing parties in federal-court lawsuits, does not include the cost of document translation.

 

 

Holder v. Martinez Gutierrez, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R055; No. 10-1542; 5/21/12. The Board of Immigration Appeals' refusal to impute a parent's years of continuous residence or lawful permanent residence (LPR) status to his or her child for purposes of 8 U. S. C. §1229b(a)—which authorizes the Attorney General to cancel the removal of an alien who meets a 5-year LPR status requirement or a 7-year continuous-residency requirement—is based on a permissible construction of §1229b(a).

 

 

Blueford v. Arkansas, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R056; No. 10-1320; 5/24/12. Where a jury was instructed that either it could convict Blueford on one of several offenses—capital murder, first-degree murder, manslaughter, or negligent homicide—or it could acquit him of all of them, and where a mistrial was declared after the jury reported that it was deadlocked on manslaughter but had voted against guilt on capital and first-degree murder, the Double Jeopardy Clause did not bar reprosecution of Blueford on the capital and first-degree murder charges.

 

 

Freeman v. Quicken Loans, Inc., 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R057; No. 10-1042; 5/24/12. In order to establish a violation of a Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act provision, 12 U. S. C. §2607(b)—which prohibits giving and accepting “any portion, split, or percentage of any charge made or received for the rendering of a real estate settlement service . . . other than for services actually performed”—a plaintiff must demonstrate that the allegedly unearned fee was divided between two or more persons.

 

 

RadLAX Gateway Hotel, LLC v. Amalgamated Bank, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R058; No. 11-166; 5/29/12. In this Chapter 11 bankruptcy case, petitioner debtors may not obtain confirmation of a “cramdown” plan over respondent Bank's objection, see 11 U. S. C. §1129(b)(2)(A), when the plan provides for the sale of collateral free and clear of the Bank's lien, but does not permit the Bank to “credit-bid” at the sale.

 

 

Coleman v. Johnson, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012) (per curiam)

 

R059; No. 11-1053; 5/29/12. The evidence at Johnson's trial was not nearly sparse enough to sustain a due process challenge under Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U. S. 307, 319, which leaves juries broad discretion in deciding what inferences to draw from trial evidence and does not permit the type of fine-grained factual parsing in which the Third Circuit engaged.

 

 

Reichle v. Howards, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R060; No. 11-262; 6/4/12. Petitioner Secret Service agents are entitled to qualified immunity from this 42

U. S. C. §1983 suit with respect to respondent's claim that he was arrested in retaliation for his political speech, when the law at the time of the arrest did not clearly establish that an arrest supported by probable cause could violate the First Amendment.

 

 

Armour v. Indianapolis, 566 U. S. 2 ___ (2012)

 

R061; No. 11-161; 6/4/12. Where Indianapolis adopted a new method for financing public improvement projects, enacted a resolution forgiving the assessment amounts still owed by some homeowners for past projects, and refused to issue refunds to homeowners who had already paid their full assessments, the city's administrative concerns provided a rational basis for distinguishing between the two groups and thus the distinction did not violate the Equal Protection Clause.

Audience

Lawyers, law librarians and law libraries, and anyone involved in the judicial system—or any civilian—interested in case precedent may be interested in this publication.

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