State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report June 2017

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report June 2017
Title:
State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report June 2017
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
024-001-03637-1
ISBN:
9780160939952
Description
Table of Contents

Key Findings 4

Advice for monitoring 6

Coordination 6

Methods 6

Traditional and Local Knowledge (TLK) 7

Community-based monitoring networks and community relationship building 7

Knowledge gaps 7

Marine Expert Networks 8

Sea ice biota 8

Plankton 8

Benthos 8

Marine fishes 9

Seabirds 9

Marine mammals 9 1.

Introduction 11 1.1

What is the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) 12 1.2

What is the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (SAMBR)?12 1.3

What is the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP Marine Plan)? 12 1.4

Traditional Knowledge (TK) 13 1.5

Arctic Biodiversity Data Service (ABDS) 13 1.6

Global linkages 15

References.17

2. Setting the scene 19

2.1 Arctic marine ecosystems 20

2.2 Physical drivers .21

2.3 Human drivers  24

2.4 Cumulative effects 27

References 30

3.1 Sea ice biota  33

3.1.1 Introduction ..34

3.1.2 Current monitoring  38

3.1.3 Status and trends of FECs .42

3.1.4 Drivers of observed trends 46

3.1.5 Knowledge and monitoring gaps. 48

3.1.6 Conclusions and key findings 50

Appendix 3.1.1: Meiofauna References 51

Appendix 3.1.2: Macrofauna References

53 References.......................................................................................................................................................................................................57

3.2 Plankton ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................63

3.2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................................................64

3.2.2 Current monitoring......................................................................................................................................................................................66

3.2.3 Status and trends of FECS..........................................................................................................................................................................69

3.2.4 Drivers of observed trends........................................................................................................................................................................74

3.2.5 Knowledge and monitoring gaps..............................................................................................................................................................75

3.2.6 Conclusions and key findings...................................................................................................................................................................79

References .........................................................................................................................................................................................................80

3.3 Benthos ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................85

3.3.1 Introduction 86

3.3.2 Current monitoring 87

3.3.3 Status and trends of FECs .95

3.3.4 Drivers of observed trends 100

3.3.6 Conclusions and key findings 103

References. 104

3.4 Marine fishes ..............................................................................................................................................................................................109

3.4.1 Introduction...............................................................................................................................................................................................110

3.4.2 Current monitoring .111

3.4.3 Status and trends of FECs 113

3.4.4 Drivers of observed trends 121

3.4.5 Knowledge and monitoring gaps 123

3.4.6 Conclusions and key findings 123                                                                                                                               

References. 124

3.5 Seabirds  129

3.5.1 Introduction 130

3.5.2 Current monitoring .132

3.5.3 Status and trends of FECs 134

3.5.4. Drivers of observed trends .137

3.5.5 Knowledge and monitoring gaps 141 

References 144

Appendix 3.5.1.  147

3.6 Marine Mammals  149

3.6.1 Introduction 150

3.6.2. Current monitoring .153

3.6.3. Status and trends of FECs 156

3.6.4 Drivers of observed trends 165

3.6.5 Knowledge and monitoring gaps .167

3.6.6 Conclusions and key findings 169

References .170

4. Synthesis: Status and trends of Arctic marine biodiversity and monitoring 175

4.1 Status and trends in Arctic marine biodiversity  176

4.1.1 Sea ice biota  177

4.1.2 Plankton  178

4.1.3 Benthos 179

4.1.4 Fishes  180

4.1.5 Seabirds 181

4.1.6 Marine mammals  182

4.2 Evidence for the impacts of drivers on Arctic marine biodiversity 183

4.2.1 Observed and expected impacts of climate change 183

4.2.2 Other major anthropogenic stressors .184

4.2.3 Links to non-Arctic ecosystems 185

4.3 The state of Arctic marine biodiversity monitoring 187

4.3.1 Adequacy of existing monitoring 187

4.3.2 Standardisation and harmonization of national monitoring schemes 188

4. 3.3 Ecosystem-based monitoring – are we getting there?  .189

References 191

Annex 4.1: List of common and scientific species names  .194

Audience

Environmentalists, government officials and scientists concerned with the state of Arctic species and marine environments, officials charged with managing natural resources and public policy in the Arctic region, commercial fishermen and women.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$48.00
International Price:
$67.20
Publisher:
Interior Dept., Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program
Notes:
Also known as the SAMBR report.
Key Phrases:
  • SAMBR report
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Biodiversity
  • Marine Biodiversity Report
  • SAMBR Report
  • Oceans
  • Polar Regions
Weight:
1.6875
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Cloth
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Record Creation Date:
07/05/2017
Last Status Update:
03/13/2019
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