The Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) was created in 1949, driven by the concerns of technological surprise in nuclear weapons, biological warfare, and guided missiles. OSI was formed by expanding the Scientific Intelligence Branch of the Office of Reports and Estimates (ORE) and combining it with the Nuclear Energy Group of the Office of Special Operations (OSO). It was one of the longest-standing offices in the Directorate of Intelligence, surviving over 31 years until it was merged with the Office of Weapons Intelligence (OWI) on 25 February 1980 to form the Office of Scientific and Weapons Research.
This collection is centered on the three-volume history of OSI. It includes selected National Intelligence Estimates, other intelligence reports drafted by OSI, pertinent Studies in Intelligence articles, and other early OSI historical documents. This collection provides a glimpse of the CIA’s overall contributions to science and technology during the Cold War.
The Central Intelligence Agency’s Information Management Services’ Historical Collections Division and Information Review Division reviewed, redacted, and released dozens of documents highlighting the history and work of the Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI). The accompanying DVD contains over 50 documents and 2,000 pages of formerly classified material.
Table of Contents
I. Overview of the Office of Scientific Intelligence.........4
II. OSI Timeline...........12-13
III. The Birth of OSI
General Order Number 13.........14
Background Section from Weber History........16
Sherman Kent Memo on S&T Intelligence.........24
IV. Intelligence Products
Soviet Bloc Capabilities through 1957.........29
The Soviet Atomic Energy Program to Mid-1957.......34
Soviet Capabilities and Probable Programs in the Guided Missile Field.......39
Soviet Guided Missile Capabilities and Probably Programs.......44
Other related products:
Studies in Intelligence, Journal of the American Intelligence Professional, Unclassified Articles From Studies in Intelligence, V. 54, No. 3 (September 2010) is available here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/041-015-00272-4
Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-020-01589-0
Other products produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI) can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/agency/1123
Audience: This would be an enjoyable read for Intelligence Specialists to learn about the history of OSI. In addition, this would be a valuable resource for students in their studies of U.S. Intelligence Agencies.
Keywords: National and foreign intelligence, Cold War history, science and technology, humanities academic discipline research, weapons of mass destruction, primary source documents, national intelligence, foreign intelligence, OSI, CIA, CSI, Office of Scientific Intelligence, office of scientific intelligence, history of OSI, osi history
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- Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence; and Historical Collections Division
- 2008: 40 p.; ill. and DVD.
- This collection is centered on the three-volume history of OSI. It includes selected National Intelligence Estimates, other intelligence reports drafted by OSI, pertinent Studies in Intelligence articles, and other early OSI historical documents. This collection provides a glimpse of the CIA's overall contributions to science and technology during the Cold War.
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- Original Wizards of LangleyCentral Intelligence AgencyIntelligence HistoryOffice of Scientific Intelligence
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