Science and the Storms: The USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005

Science and the Storms: The USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005
Title:
Science and the Storms: The USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005
Format:
Paperback
USA Price: 
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GPO Stock Number:
024-001-03628-2
ISBN:
9781411320048
Description

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active ever recorded, with a unheard of fifteen hurricanes of which seven became major hurricanes.

The most devastating hurricanes of 2005 included the five Category 4 and Category 5 hurricanes: Hurricane Dennis, Hurricane Emily, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, and Hurricane Wilma--the most intense hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic Ocean. Per Wikipedia: "These storms made a combined twelve landfalls as major hurricanes (Category 3 strength or higher) throughout Cuba, Mexico, and the Gulf Coast of the United States, causing over $100 billion (2005 USD) in damages and at least 2,048 deaths."

This publication provides a snapshot of the work done by USGS staff during and after the record-breaking hurricane season of 2005.

USGS Circular 1306. Edited by G.S. Farris and others.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

Foreword ..............iii

Preface ............iv

Acknowledgments.........v

Chapter 1. The Need for Science in Restoring Resilience to the Northern Gulf of Mexico.....

Restoring Resilience to the Gulf of Mexico Coast.......1

Chapter 2. The Storms of 2005 ........6

Cycles of Hurricane Landfalls on the Eastern United States Linked to

Changes in Atlantic Sea-surface Temperatures...........7

The Major Hurricanes of 2005: a Few Facts........12

Chapter 3. Rescue and Response ..........16

USGS Humanitarian and Geospatial Response for Search and Rescue After

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita ..........17

Using Geospatial Technology To Process 911 Calls After Hurricanes Katrina

and Rita ..........21

Geotechnical Reconnaissance of the Mississippi River Delta Flood-protection

System After Hurricane Katrina.............27

Analysis of the Interstate 10 Twin Bridge’s Collapse During Hurricane Katrina ............35

Estimation of Post-Katrina Debris Volume: an Example from Coastal Mississippi.........43

Hurricane Katrina Flooding and Oil Slicks Mapped with Satellite Imagery ............49

Topography-based Analysis of Hurricane Katrina Inundation of New Orleans ..........53

Temporal Analysis of Floodwater Volumes in New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina ............57

Chapter 4. How Technology Helps ...........62

USGS Rocky Mountain Geographic Science Center’s 2005 Hurricane Response and

Recovery Activities ..............63

Data Access and Dissemination for Emergency Response and Long-term Recovery

Efforts Related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita ........71

GIS for the Gulf: a Reference Database for Hurricane-affected Areas ...........75

ASTER and USGS EROS Emergency Imaging for Hurricane Disasters ..........79

Chapter 5. Landscape Changes.......86

Aerial Rapid Assessment of Hurricane Damages to Northern Gulf Coastal Habitats ............87

Land Area Changes in Coastal Louisiana After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita ..........97

Extreme Changes to Barrier Islands Along the Central Gulf of Mexico Coast

During Hurricane Katrina........113

Impacts of Hurricane Rita on the Beaches of Western Louisiana........119

Chapter 6. Ecological Impacts .......124

Impacts of Hurricane Katrina on Floodplain Forests of the Pearl River........125

Broad-scale Response of Landbird Migration to the Immediate Effects of

Hurricane Katrina........131

Potential Consequences of Saltwater Intrusion Associated with Hurricanes

Katrina and Rita .......137

Cheniere Forest as Stopover Habitat for Migrant Landbirds: Immediate Effects of

Hurricane Rita........147

Sediment Deposition from Hurricane Rita on Hackberry Beach Chenier in

Southwestern Louisiana .......157

Wind Damage and Salinity Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Coastal

Baldcypress Forests of Louisiana .........163

A Tale of Two Storms: Surges and Sediment Deposition from Hurricanes

Andrew and Wilma in Florida’s Southwest Coast Mangrove Forests........169

Predicting Mangrove Forest Recovery on the Southwest Coast of Florida

Following the Impact of Hurricane Wilma, October 2005.........175

Estuarine Response in Northeastern Florida Bay to Major Hurricanes in 2005........183

Research on the Impacts of Past and Future Hurricanes on the Endangered

Florida Manatee .......191

Chapter 7. Aquatic Environments.......196

Examining Offshore Sediment-hosted Contaminant Transport from Hurricane

Katrina ......197

Selected Chemical Composition of Deposited Sediments in the Flooded

Areas of New Orleans Following Hurricane Katrina .....201

Soil and Sediment Chemistry in the Mississippi River Delta Following

Hurricane Katrina .......207

Effects of Hurricane Katrina’s Storm Surge on the Quality of Shallow Aquifers

near the Northern Shoreline of Lake Pontchartrain,

Southeastern Louisiana ......213

Water Quality of Lake Pontchartrain and Outlets to the Gulf of Mexico

Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.....221

Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the Chemistry of Bottom Sediments

in Lake Pontchartrain, La. ........225

Environmental Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Lake Pontchartrain.......231

Bacteriological Water Quality in and Around Lake Pontchartrain Following

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita ........239

Characterization of Flood Sediments from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and Potential

Implications for Human Health and the Environment .........245

Monitoring Hurricane Rita Inland Storm Surge ..........257

Chapter 8. Science and the Storms: the Science Continues.......264

Current and Future Science Plans for Restoring a Resilient Coast........265

Epilogue.........270

Author Index......272

Audience

Biologists, geologists, geographers, and hydrologists, working together, will gain insights from the U.S. Geological survey's important research in this publication on how to continue engaging in hurricane research and prepare for future hurricanes.  This collection of articles is for the American people, to illustrate how science can make a real difference in their lives. Many decisions are being made about the future of coastal areas, and our citizens deserve well-thought-out decisions based on a sound foundation of unbiased science. It is this kind of impartial science that USGS, working with many other agencies, intends to continue to bring to the American people on a daily basis and when disasters strike.  Therefore, policymakers, members of government, environmental groups, and members of the community should take note of the important work in this publication that will help save lives in the event of a natural disaster.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$4.00
International Price:
$5.60
Publisher:
Interior Dept., Geological Survey
Author:
  • Farris, G. S.
Key Phrases:
  • USGS Circular 1306
  • Hurricanes
Weight:
2.0625
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Paper
Subject Bibliography:
235
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
10/17/2007
Last Status Update:
10/16/2018
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