Rearming The French

Rearming The French
Title:
United States Army in World War II, Special Studies, Rearming The French
Format:
Hardcover
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
008-029-00609-0
ISBN:
9780160934957
Description

This volume tells how the French forces were rearmed from the time they re-entered World War II after their temporary eclipse from the battlefields of Europe. The text focuses attention on the role  America played in the undertaking if for no other reason than that the undertaking itself, while shared between the United States and the United Kingdom, was largely American. It is a historical account of a sizable and laborious enterprise that enabled a friendly military establishment in dire need of assistance to take its place among the forces aligned against the Axis and to serve as a guide for the solution of problems likely to arise out of similar future enterprises. 

In rearming the French the U.S. Army became agents of an Allied policy which  enabled America to further a friendship for France that dated from the Revolution that served the military interests of both nations.

Audience

Military and International Historians interested in the choices made by U.S. political and military leaders during the pre and post era of World War II, higher learning history and foreign affairs professors, instructors and students, Francophiles, military buffs, veterans of foreign wars.

Table of Contents
  • Chapter Page PROLOGUE ......................... . 1
  • French Assistance to the A.E.F. in World War I ............ . 1
  • The American Decision To Rearm the French in World War II ....... . 6
  • PART ONE The North African Forces I.
  • EARLY ATTEMPTS TO FORMULATE A REARMAMENT PROGRAM ..................... . 21
  • Procedures ....................... . 21
  • Initial Groping Toward a Policy ............... . 23
  • Setting Up the Joint Rearmament Committee .......... . 25
  • General Giraud Sends a Military Mission to Washington ...... . 26
  • Emergency Provision of Equipment .............. . 27
  • General Giraud Eyes the Larger Program ............ . 29
  • The Deadlock Over a Firm Plan ............... . 30
  • II. THE ANFA AGREEMENT ............... . 33
  • Franco-Anglo-American Conversations ............. . 33
  • President Roosevelt and General Giraud Negotiate an Agreement ... . 36
  • Clarification of the Agreement ................ . 38
  • III. PHASE I OF THE PROGRAM (JANUARY-JULY 1943). . . 45
  • Phase I Is Launched .................... . 45
  • The CCS Agree on a Rearmament Formula ........... . 48
  • Implementing Phase I ................... . 59
  • IV. EARLY ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS ........ . 62
  • AFHQ Spells Out Rearmament Policies ............ . 62
  • Allied Assistance in Handling Matériel ............. . 64
  • The French Organize an Expeditionary Corps .......... . 69
  • V. PHASE II OF THE PROGRAM (JULY-AUGUST 1943) ... 74
  • Negotiations ....................... . 74
  • Political Complications ................... . 78
  • Implementing Phase II .................. . 82
  • Fusion of the Giraud and de Gaulle Forces ........... . 86
  • Results of Phases I and II ................. . 89 xiii Chapter Page
  • VI. PHASE III OF THE PROGRAM (MID-AUGUST-NOVEMBER 1943) ........................ . 9 1
  • The 15 August Plan ................... . 91
  • French Political Situation Threatens Program. .......... . 97
  • Implementing Phase III .................. . 99
  • VII. THE PROGRAM MARKS TIME (NOVEMBER 1943-FEBRUARY 1944): I .................... . 104
  • "La Bataille des Services". ................. . 104
  • The 1st DMI Incident ................... . 116
  • Cutback of the Program—
  • The 23 January Plan ......... . 121
  • VIII. THE PROGRAM MARKS TIME (NOVEMBER 1943-FEBRUARY 1944):
  • II .................... . 130
  • The French Reorganize Their Supply System ........... . 130
  • Supply and Maintenance of the Expeditionary Forces ........ . 138
  • Supply Situation—End of January 1944 . ............ . 146
  • IX.
  • PHASE IV OF THE PROGRAM (FEBRUARY-OCTOBER 1944)
  • 1: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES ...... . 148
  • Rearmament Operations Resume ............... . 148
  • Control Over the French Forces ............... . 149
  • Reorganization of the French High Command .......... . 151
  • Franco-American Relations ................ . 153
  • The 23 January Plan Becomes the Basis of Phase IV ....... . 155
  • Secondary Programs ................... . 158
  • X. PHASE IV OF THE PROGRAM (FEBRUARY-OCTOBER 1944)
  • II: IMPLEMENTATION ........... . 163
  • Equipping the Units on the ANVIL Troop List .......... . 163
  • Service Troops and the Lack of Technicians ........... . 165
  • Shortages of Equipment ................... . 169
  • SCAMA's Role During Phase IV ............... . 174
  • Repossession of U.S. Equipment ............... . 176
  • Disposal of British Equipment ............... . 177
  • XI. THE NORTH AFRICAN FORCES IN ACTION ..... . 178
  • Italy and Other Battlegrounds in the Mediterranean ....... . 178
  • France ......................... . 182
  • Logistical Support of the French ANVIL Forces ....... . . . . 186
  • The North African Rearmament Program Ends .......... . 189
  • XII. REARMING THE FRENCH AIR FORCE ......... . 195
  • XIII. REHABILITATING THE FRENCH NAVY ........ . 214
  • xiv Chapter Page XIV. LIAISON, LANGUAGE, AND TRAINING PROBLEMS ... 227
  • Liaison and the Language Barrier .............. . 227 Training ........................ . 230
  • XV.
  • CONTROVERSY OVER SUBSTITUTE WEAPONS .... . 241
  • Artillery ........................ . 24 2 Tanks ......................... . 24 4
  • Small Infantry Weapons .................. . 246
  • XVI. OTHER MATERIAL PROBLEMS ............ . 254
  • Food ......................... . 254
  • Clothing ........................ . 258
  • Special Supplies ..................... . 260
  • Miscellaneous Equipment .................. . 264
  • Accounting. ....................... . 266
  • XVII. AGENCIES HANDLING REARMAMENT ........ . 271
  • The Joint Rearmament Committee .............. . 271
  • The Joint Air Commission . . .............. . 285
  • SCAMA and Stock Control Section ............. . 288
  • French Training Section ................. . 293
  • PART TWO The Metropolitan Forces
  • XVIII. INITIAL ASSISTANCE ................. . 299
  • Supply of the Resistance Forces ................ . 299
  • Employment of French Liberated Manpower ........... . 306
  • XIX. ARMING LIBERATED MANPOWER .......... . 319
  • Interim Organization and Equipping of Labor and Internal Security Units. 319
  • The Liberated Manpower and Metropolitan Programs ....... . 328
  • XX. THE LIBERATED MANPOWER AND METROPOLITAN PROGRAMS IN OPERATION ........... . 339
  • Implementing the Liberated Manpower Program ......... . 339
  • Implementing the Metropolitan Program ............ . 344
  • Revising the Metropolitan Program . ............. . 348
  • Carrying Out the Revised Program .............. . 354
  • XXI. THE REARMAMENT OPERATIONS END ........ . 361
  • Suspension of the Metropolitan Program ............ . 361
  • Political Developments Doom Rearmament ........... . 367
  • Chapter Page XXII. RE-EQUIPPING THE FRENCH AIR FORCE AND FRENCH NAVY. ....................... . 373
  • The Air Force ...................... . 373
  • The Navy ....................... . 377
  • XXIII. REARMAMENT DIVISION, SHAEF MISSION TO FRANCE . . 381
  • Membership, Organization, and Operation ........... . 381
  • Training Under Inspection Group ............... . 388
  • XXIV. FRENCH PLANS FOR A FAR EAST EXPEDITIONARY CORPS ........................ . 391
  • CONCLUSION ......................... . 400
  • BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE ................... . 405
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ................... . 411
  • GLOSSARY OF CODE NAMES ................. . 414
  • INDEX. ............................ . 417
  • Tables No. 1. Equipment Furnished American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, by Type and Supplying Country: 6 April 1917-11 November 1918 . . 4
  • 2. Equipment, by Type, Available to the North African Forces: 1 October 1942 ........................... . 18
  • 3. American and British-Equipped Squadrons of the FAF: December 1943). ........................... . 206
  • 4. Quantities of Equipment Packaged by OSS in the United Kingdom and Airdropped into France: January-October 1944 ......... . 307
  • 5. Major Items of Equipment Furnished by the United States to the French Forces ........................... . 402
  • Charts 1. Organization of the French High Command in North Africa: 1 April 1943. 66
  • 2. Position of JRC and Related Agencies Within the Allied Command Structure: 1 April 1944 ...................... . 277
  • 3. Internal Organization of the Joint Rearmament Committee: 1 April 1944 . 278
  • 4. SCAMA: Internal Organization and Co-ordination With Other Agencies. 289
  • 5. Position of Rearmament Division in SHAEF: 1 January 1945 .... . 383
  • 6. The Rearmament Division, SHAEF Mission to France: March 1945 . . 384
  • xvi
  • Map 
  • Operations and Participating French Forces ......... . Inside back cover
  • Illustrations Realization of French Hopes ................. . Frontispiece
  • Victory Parade, Paris, 1918 .................... . 7
  • Lt. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower .................. . 26
  • General George C. Marshall .................... . 27
  • Meeting at Casablanca, 24 January 1943 .............. . 37
  • U.S. Vehicles for North African Forces ............... . 46
  • General Eisenhower Delivering an Address ............. . 58
  • Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark Presenting Newly Arrived U.S. Equipment ... . 59
  • Inspecting U.S. Equipment .................... . 64
  • Vehicle Assembly Line ...................... . 67
  • Reviewing American Troops .................... . 68
  • Col. Ernest A. Suttles ....................... . 69
  • General Alphonse Juin ...................... . 93
  • Goumiers of the 9th Colonial Infantry Division ............ . 102
  • Goumiers of the 4th Group of Tabors ................ . 112
  • Spahis i n North Africa ...................... . 114
  • Conference in Algiers ....................... . 120
  • Siena, Italy ........................... . 179
  • 9 th Colonial Infantry Division ................... . 180
  • Troops Entering Portoferraio, Elba ................. . 181
  • French 2d Armored Division .................... . 184
  • Maj. Gen. Jacques Leclerc ..................... . 184
  • Street Fighting in Marseille .................... . 185
  • Reviewing French Troops in Liberation Ceremony, Marseille ...... . 185
  • Victory Parade Through the Streets of Paris ............. . 192
  • P-40 Warhawks for the Lafayette Escadrille ............. . 197
  • Unloading P-38 Fighter Planes ................... . 199
  • French Submarine, Casablanca Harbor ............... . 215
  • Battleship Richelieu Passing Under Manhattan Bridge . ....... . 216
  • Battleship Jean Bart a t Casablanca ................. . 219
  • Firing a 105-mm. Howitzer .................... . 232
  • U.S. Instructor Demonstrating the Use of Signal Equipment ...... . 233
  • Maj. Gen. Alexander M. Patch .................. . 240 Tank Destroyer for the French ................... . 242
  • French Tank Crew With U.S. Light Tank M5 ............ . 244
  • 2d Moroccan Infantry Division Men Unloading American Rations ... . 256
  • French Wacs Assembling on the Beach ............... . 261
  • xvii
  • Page Members of the Joint Rearmament Committee ............ . 273
  • Brig. Gen. Harold F. Loomis .................... . 276
  • French Forces of the Interior .................... . 305
  • Insignia of 1st French Army and Its Major Components ........ . 352
  • Battleship Strasbourg ........................ . 378
  • Rearmament Division, SHAEF Mission to France ........... . 382
  • The illustrations are from the files of the Department of Defense except for those from the following sources:
  • Service Cinématographique des Armées, Frontispiece. National Archives, page 7.
  • Acme Photograph, page 216.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$72.00
International Price:
$100.80
Publisher:
Defense Dept., Army, Center of Military History
Author:
  • Vignares, Marcel
Key Phrases:
  • Center of Military History Publication 11 6
  • World War II
  • France
  • Special Studies
Weight:
2.9375
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Cloth
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Record Creation Date:
09/30/2016
Last Status Update:
11/20/2019
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