Parameters; V.47 #1 Spring 2017

Parameters, Volume 47, Number 1, Spring 2017
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From Parameters, Spring 2017, Volume 47, No. 1:

Our Spring issue opens with a forum considering the strategic implications of Mission Command. Anthony King’s article, “Mission Command 2.0: From an Individualist to a Collectivist Model,” describes how mission command has evolved to facilitate synchronizing the decisions of key leaders. King uses the leadership models of Generals James Mattis and Stanley McChrystal to illustrate his case. Russell Glenn’s contribution, “Mission Command in the Australian Army: A Contrast in Detail,” points out the general similarities but subtle differences between the American and Australian models, and what they might mean for cooperation between the two in multinational operations. Thomas-Durell Young’s essay, “Legacy Concepts: A Sociology of Command in Central and Eastern Europe,” raises important questions regarding the incompatibility of Western notions of mission command with the “legacy concepts” that still dominate the leadership styles of several formerly Communist countries. As NATO develops ways to address Russian adventurism, it would do well to consider the possible effects of asymmetries in the command philosophies of some of its recently added members on its courses of action.

The second forum, After 15 Years of Conflict, offers critical insights into the ways the United States has conducted military interventions thus far in the twenty-first century. The first contribution, Charlotte Blatt’s “Operational Success, Strategic Failure: Assessing the 2007 Iraq Troop Surge” compares two perspectives on the outcomes of the troop surge and identifies essential strategy decisions that significantly affected the region’s stability. Stanley Wiechnik’s “Tracking Democratization: Insights for Planners” provides some much needed clarity regarding the issues of state- or nation-building, and what they mean for Western strategists. Ellen Klein’s article, “Immunity in Contingency Operations: A Proposal for US Contractors,” suggests ways to reduce strategic and operational friction in contemporary military interventions. The US military increasingly relies on contractor support, but several issues stand in the way of making that support seamless and cost-efficient; the United States needs to consider how to protect contractors from the bureaucratic ambiguities of a host-nation’s policies over the long term. The final essay, “Enhancing Resilience in an Operational Unit” by Douglas Sims and Amy Adler, discusses measures to increase unit resilience. One of the key characteristics of recent military interventions is they are marathons, not sprints. Are we doing enough to prepare US troops for that reality?

Our third forum, Modernization among US Partners, offers a look at how two of America’s strategic partners, Australia and France, are moving forward into the twenty-first century. In “Australia’s Offset and A2/AD Strategies,” Ian Langford discusses the capabilities Australia’s political and military leaders chose to pursue as part of their modernization strategies. In “The French Army at a Crossroads,” Rémy Hémez describes how the French Army plans to accomplish its dual-missions of expeditionary warfare and homeland security with acceptable risk.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

5 From the Editor


Mission Command: Strategic Implications

7 Mission Command 2.0: From an Individualist to a Collectivist Model

Anthony C. King

21 Mission Command in the Australian Army: A Contrast in Detail

Russell W. Glenn

31 Legacy Concepts: A Sociology of Command in Central and Eastern Europe

Thomas-Durell Young

After 15 Years of Conflict

43 Operational Success, Strategic Failure: Assessing the 2007 Iraq Troop Surge

Charlotte F. Blatt

57 Tracking Democratization: Insights for Planners

Stanley J. Wiechnik

71 Immunity in Contingency Operations: A Proposal for US Contractors

Ellen “Elle” Klein

83 Enhancing Resilience in an Operational Unit

Douglas A. Sims II and Amy B. Adler

Modernization among US Partners

93 Australia’s Offset and A2/AD Strategies

Ian Langford

103 The French Army at a Crossroads

Rémy Hémez

Review Essay

113 Torture and the Human Mind

Larry D. Miller


121 On ”The Army’s Identity Crisis”

Conrad C. Crane

124 On “Drawdown: The American Way of Postwar”

John A. Bonin

122 The Author Replies

Gates Brown


125 On Strategy as Ends, Ways, and Means

Gregory D. Miller, Chris Rogers, Francis J. H. Park, William F. Owen, and Jeffrey W. Meiser



133 Cassandra in Oz: Counterinsurgency and Future Warfare

By Conrad C. Crane Reviewed by Russell W. Glenn

134 Forging the Sword: Doctrinal Change in the U.S. Army

By Benjamin M. Jensen Reviewed by James H. Joyner Jr.

136 “Soft” Counterinsurgency: Human Terrain Teams and US Military

Strategy in Iraq and Afghanistan

By Paul Joseph Reviewed by Michael C. Davies

138 War Comes to Garmser: Thirty Years of Conflict on the Afghan Frontier

By Carter Malkasian Reviewed by M. Chris Mason

Foreign Policy and National Security

140 Mission Failure: America and the World in the Post-Cold War Era

By Michael Mandelbaum Reviewed by Michael Dhunjishah

142 A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order

By Richard Haass Reviewed by W. Andrew Terrill

Grand Strategy

144 American Power & Liberal Order: A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy

By Paul D. Miller Reviewed by Lukas Milevski

145 The Spartan Regime: Its Character, Origins, and Grand Strategy

By Paul A. Rahe Reviewed by Jason W. Warren

Military History

148 Air Power: A Global History

By Jeremy Black Reviewed by Conrad C. Crane

149 Victory Was beyond Their Grasp: With the 272nd Volks-Grenadier Division from the Hürtgen Forest to the Heart of the Reich

By Douglas E. Nash Reviewed by Richard L. Dinardo

150 The Great War & the Middle East: A Strategic Study

By Rob Johnson Reviewed by Michael S. Neiberg

152 “A Delicate Affair” on the Western Front: America Learns How to Fight a Modern War in the Woëvre Trenches

By Terrence J. Finnegan Reviewed by Greg Pickell

Military Technology

154 America Inc.? Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State

By Linda Weiss Reviewed by Richard A Lacquement Jr.

156 The Politics of Innovation: Why Some Countries Are Better Than Others at Science & Technology

By Mark Zachary Taylor Reviewed by Charles D. Allen

158 Sudden Justice: America’s Secret Drone Wars

By Chris Woods Reviewed by Whitney Grespin

Regional Studies: Africa

160 Exploiting Africa: The Influence of Maoist China in Algeria, Ghana, and Tanzania

By Donovan C. Chau Reviewed by José de Arimatéia da Cruz

162 The Crisis of the African State: Globalization, Tribalism, and Jihadism in the Twenty-First Century

Edited by Anthony N. Celso and Robert Nalbandov Reviewed by Jason B. Nicholson


Members of the military (active and reserve), military leaders and tacticians, the Department of Defense, staff of defense agencies and defense contractors, and members of academia involved in warfare studies would be interested in this publication. In addition, Veterans and military enthusiasts from the general public would enjoy this publication.

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