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Field Operations Guide for Disaster Assessment and Response

Title:
Field Operations Guide for Disaster Assessment and Response
Format:
Looseleaf
USA Price: 
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
001-001-00680-7
ISBN:
0-16-072925-4
Description

FOG Version 4.0. 3rd revision. Contains information on general responsibilities for disaster responders, formats and reference material for assessing and reporting on populations at risk, Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) position descriptions and duty checklists, descriptions of Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) stockpile commodities, general information related to disaster activities, information on working with the military in the field, and a glossary of acronyms and terms used by OFDA and other organizations with which OFDA works. Ten digit ISBN: 9780160729256.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR/AGENCY:

USAID is the leading U.S. Federal Government agency that works to end extreme poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to reach their potential.  USAID plays a critical role in our nation's efforts to stabilize countries and build responsive local governments.


Other related products:

Federal Reinsurance for Disasters can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/052-070-07346-2

National Traffic Incident Management Responder Training Program: Train-the-Trainer Guide can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/050-001-00347-3

Airborne Hazards Related to Deployment can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-023-00154-5

Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT & CBRNE) collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/security-defense-law-enforcement/hazar...

Emergency Response & First Responders collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/security-defense-law-enforcement/emerg...

 

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xvii
Policy Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xix

Chapter I: General Responsibilities and Information  .  . . . . . . . . .I-1
A. Individual Team Member Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-2
1. Personal Items and Related Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-2
2. Optional Items (Bring at Your Own Risk) . . . . . . . . . .I-3
3. Personal Health Items and Medical Tips . . . . . . . . . .I-3
4. OFDA-Provided Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4
5. Information To Be Left With OFDA/W . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4
B. Team Support Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4
C. Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-5
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-5
2. Types of Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6
D. Accountability and Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6
1. Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6
2. Accountability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-7
3. Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-8
E. Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-8
1. Time Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-8
2. Per Diem and Vouchers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-9
3. Procurement and Contracting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-9
F. Safety and Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-9
1. Safety and Security Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10
G. Personal Health and Critical-Incident Stress . . . . . . .I-11
1. Briefings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12
2. Managing Culture Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12
3. Critical-Incident Stress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12
4. How Team Members May Be Affected by Stress
During Disaster Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13
5. How To Minimize Stress During a Disaster
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-14

Chapter II: Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1
A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2
B. Purpose of an Initial Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2
C. Assessment Team Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-4
D. Assessment Recommendations and Their Impact on Recovery  . . . .II-4
E. Keys to a Successful Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-5
1. Identify the Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-5
2. Identify the Information Needed To Plan Specific Programs . . . .. . . . . . . . . .II-5
3. Consider the Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-6
4. Consider the Timing of the Assessment . . . . . . . . . .II-6
5. Determine the Best Places To Obtain Information . . .II-6
6. Distinguish Between Emergency and Chronic Needs II-6
7. Assess Needs and Vulnerabilities in Relation to Capacities . . . . . . .II-7
8. Use Recognized Terminology, Standards, and Procedures . . . .. .II-8
F. Types of Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8
1. Situation (Disaster) Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8
2. Needs Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-9
3. Environmental Impact Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-10
G. Elements of an Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-11
1. Preparedness Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-11
2. Survey and Data Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-12
3. Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-12
4. Forecasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-12
5. Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-12
6. Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-12
H. Data Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-13
1. Data Collection Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-13
2. Data Collection Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-14
I. OFDA Assessment Cable Reporting Formats . . . . . .II-15
1. Disaster Cable Format Considerations . . . . . . . . . .II-15
2. Who Should Get the Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-16
3. Disaster Cable Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-17
a. Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-17
b. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-17
c. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-17
d. General Situation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-18
e. Food and Food Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-19
f. Health and Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-19
g. Water and Sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-20
h. Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-21
i. Capability and Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22
j. Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22
k. Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22
J. Assessment Checklists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22
2. Victims/Displaced Population Profile . . . . . . . . . . . .II-23
a. General Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-23
b. Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-23
c. Displaced Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-24
d. Physical Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-24
3. Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-25
a. Baseline Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-25
b. Effect of the Event on Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-25
c. Food Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-26
d. Distribution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-27
e. Social and Market Impact of Food Aid . . . . . . .II-27
f. Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-27
4. Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-28
a. Nutritional Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-28
b. Public Health-Related Risk of Malnutrition . . . . .II-29
c. Care-Related Risk of Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . .II-29
d. Food Access-Related Risk of Malnutrition . . . . .II-30
e. Nutrition Interventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-30
5. Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-31
a. Health and Demographic Information . . . . . . . .II-31
b. HIV/AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-32
c. Health System Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-32
d. Local Health Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-33
e. Health Information/Surveillance Systems . . . . . .II-34
f. Cultural and Social Health Factors . . . . . . . . . .II-35
g. Environmental Health Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-35
6. Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-36
a. Displaced Population Situation . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-36
b. Water System Disruption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-36
7. Sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-37
a. Displaced Population Situation . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-37
b. Nondisplaced Population Situation . . . . . . . . . .II-37
8. Shelter and Settlements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-38
a. Establishing Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-38
b. Identifying Impacts, Resources, and Opportunities . . .. . . . . . . . .II-39
9. Agriculture and Livestock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-42
a. Baseline Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-42
b. Effect of the Event on Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . .II-43
c. Effect of the Event on Livestock . . . . . . . . . . . .II-44
d. Agricultural Production Capabilities . . . . . . . . . .II-45
e. Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-46
10. Search and Rescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-46
11. Logistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-47
a. Airports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-47
b. Civil Aviation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-48
c. Alternative Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-49
d. Seaports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-49
e. Transfer Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-51
f. Trucking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-51
g. Railroads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-52
h. Warehousing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-52
12. Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-54
a. Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-54
b. Electric Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-56
c. Community Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment/Disposal .. . .II-57
d. Hydraulic Structures (Dams, Levees, Irrigation Canals, Hydropower Facilities) . . . .II-58
e. Roads and Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-59

Chapter III: Information on Populations at Risk. . . . . . . . . . . .III-1
A. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-2
B. Immediate Response. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-2
1. Protection of Populations at Risk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-2
a. Protection Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-3
b. Possible Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-4
2. Organizational Considerations for Displaced Persons . . .. . . . .III-6
3. Material Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-6
C. Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-8
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-8
a. Evaluating Water Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-9
b. Water System Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10
2. Determining Water Needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-11
a. Quantity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-11
b. Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-13
3. Immediate Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-15
4. Water Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17
a. Freshwater Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17
(1) Surface Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17
(2) Ground Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17
(3) Rainwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18
b. Seawater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-19
c. Water Source Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-19
5. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-22
6. Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-23
7. Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-24
a. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25
b. Sand Filtration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25
c. Coagulation and Flocculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26
d. Chemical Disinfection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26
e. Boiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-28
D. Food and Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-28
1. Basic Facts About Food and Nutrition . . . . . . . . . .III-28
a. Nutrients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-28
b. Energy and Protein Intakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29
c. Food and Diets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29
2. Food Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29
3. Malnutrition Causes and Interventions . . . . . . . . . .III-30
a. Malnutrition Causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-30
b. Considerations in Selecting Interventions . . . . .III-31
4. Nutritional Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-32
a. Protein-Energy Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-32
(1) Nutritional Marasmus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-33
(2) Kwashiorkor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-33
(3) Marasmic Kwashiorkor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-34
b. Micronutrient Deficiency Diseases . . . . . . . . . .III-34
(1) Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-34
(2) Vitamin C Deficiency (Scurvy) . . . . . . . . . . .III-34
(3) Niacin Deficiency (Pellagra) . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-35
(4) Anemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-35
(5) Thiamine Deficiency (Beriberi) . . . . . . . . . . .III-35
5. Nutritional Surveillance Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-36
a. Sampling Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-36
(1) Systematic Random Sampling . . . . . . . . . .III-36
(2) Cluster Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-37
b. Malnutrition Measurement Methods . . . . . . . . .III-38
(1) Weight-for-Height (Weight-for-Length) Method . . . . . .III-39
(2) MUAC Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-44
(3) Interpretation of Malnutrition Rates and Corresponding Actions .. . . .III-45
6. General Feeding Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-46
a. Types of Food Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-50
(1) Dry Ration Distribution (Take Home) . . . . . .III-50
(2) Wet Ration Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-52
7. Selective Feeding Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-52
a. Supplementary Feeding Programs . . . . . . . . . .III-53
(1) Blanket SFPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-54
(2) Targeted SFPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-55
b. Exit Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-56
c. Supplementary Food Quantities . . . . . . . . . . . .III-56
d. Organization and Management of an SFP . . . .III-56
8. Community Therapeutic Care Programs . . . . . . . . .III-57
9. Therapeutic Feeding Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-57
10. Infant Feeding and Milk Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-59
11. Food Commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-60
a. Nutritional Value of Food Commodities . . . . . . .III-60
b. Food Aid Storage Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . .III-63
E. Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-63
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-63
2. Background Information for Initial Health Assessments . . . . .III-64
a. Epidemiologic Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-64
b. Epidemiologic Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-65
c. Mortality and Morbidity Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-66
(1) Mortality Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-66
(2) Morbidity Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-68
3. Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases . . . .III-68
a. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-68
b. Common Diseases in Emergencies . . . . . . . . .III-70
(1) Acute Respiratory Infections . . . . . . . . . . . .III-70
(2) Diarrheal Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-71
(3) Cholera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-73
(4) Shigellosis (Bacillary Dysentery) . . . . . . . . .III-75
(5) HIV/AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-76
(6) Measles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-77
(7) Malaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-79
(8) Meningococcal Meningitis . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-82
(9) Tuberculosis (TB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-84
4. Health Care Provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-85
a. Health Care Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-86
b. Levels of Health Care Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . .III-87
5. Health Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-89
6. Medical Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-89
a. The New Emergency Health Kit . . . . . . . . . . . .III-89
b. Vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-90
c. OFDA Guidelines for Pharmaceutical Donations   . . . . . . .. . .III-91
F. Shelter and Settlements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-92
1. Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-92
2. Shelter Interventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-92
3. Camps: When Other Shelter Interventions Are Not Possible . . . .. .III-97
a. Criteria for Site Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-98
(1) Social Needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-98
(2) Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-98
(3) Open Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-98
(4) Accessibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-99
(5) Environmental Considerations . . . . . . . . . .III-99
(6) Soil and Ground Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-99
(7) Land Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-99
b. Site Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-100
(1) Latrines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-100
(2) Water Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-100
(3) Roads and Pathways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-101
(4) Firebreaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-101
(5) Administrative and Community Services . .III-101
(6) Physical Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-102
G. Sanitation and Environmental Health Services. . . .III-103
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-103
2. Importance of Organization, Integration, and Selection . . . . . . .III-103
3. Disposal of Excreta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-104
a. Selection of a System—Immediate Considerations . . . . .  . . . .III-105
b. Immediate Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-106
c. Longer Term Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-108
d. Latrine Styles and Considerations . . . . . . . . .III-108
(1) Number and Siting of Latrines . . . . . . . . .III-108
(2) Population Density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-109
(3) Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-109
(4) Available Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-110
(5) Drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-110
(6) Construction Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-110
4. Wastewater (Greywater), Garbage, and Dust . . . .III-111
a. Wastewater (Greywater) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-111
b. Garbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-111
c. Dust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-112
5. Insect and Rodent Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-112
6. Fires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-114
a. Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-114
b. Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-114
7. Funeral Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-115
H. Agriculture and Livestock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-116
1. Seed Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-116
a. Evaluating Seed System Interventions . . . . . .III-117
2. Livestock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-118
a. Evaluating Livestock Interventions . . . . . . . . .III-119

Chapter IV: Disaster Assistance Response Team . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1
A. Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3
1. Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3
2. Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4
3. DART Activation and Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-5
B. DART Setup and Closeout Guidelines. . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6
2. Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6
a. Files and Recordkeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6
(1) Sensitive but Unclassified Data . . . . . . . . . .IV-7
(2) Electronic Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8
b. Contact List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8
c. Program Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8
d. Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9
e. DART Headquarters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9
3. Closeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-10
a. The Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-10
b. Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-10
c. Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-10
d. Moving and Transferring Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-10
e. Program Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-11
f. Public Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-12
g. OFDA Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-12
h. Transfer of Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-12
i. Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-13
j. Closeout Memo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-13
C. Working With the Response Management Team. . .IV-13
1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-13
2. Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-14
3. Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-14
4. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-15
5. Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-15
D. Working With the Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-16
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-16
2. Ensure Close Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-16
3. Develop a Strategy and Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-16
4. Know Your Story . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-17
5. Rules for Dealing With Reporters . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-17
E. General Checklist for All DART Members. . . . . . . . .IV-19
1. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-19
2. In Transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-20
3. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-20
a. Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-20
b. Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-21
4. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-22
F. Management/Liaison Functional Area. . . . . . . . . . .IV-23
1. Team Leader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-23
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-23
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-25
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-25
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-26
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-27
2. Deputy Team Leader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-28
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-29
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-29
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-29
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-30
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-31
3. Press Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-32
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-32
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-33
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-33
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-34
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-34
4. Safety/Security Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-34
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-35
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-35
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-35
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-36
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-36
5. Liaison Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-36
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-37
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-37
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-37
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-37
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-38
6. Contracting Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-38
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-38
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-39
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-39
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-39
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-40
G. Logistics Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-40
1. Logistics Coordinator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-40
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-41
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-41
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-41
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-43
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-44
2. Fleet Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-44
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-44
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-45
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-45
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-45
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-46
3. Aviation Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-46
4. Supply Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-46
H. Communications Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-46
1. Communications Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-47
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-47
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-48
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-48
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-48
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-49
I. Operations Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-49
1. Operations Coordinator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-49
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-50
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-50
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-50
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-51
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-51
2. Medical Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-51
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-51
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-52
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-52
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-53
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-53
3. Urban Search and Rescue Task Force Leader . . . .IV-53
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-53
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-54
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-54
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-54
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-54
4. Technical/Scientific Operations Specialists . . . . . . .IV-54
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-55
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-55
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-55
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-56
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-56
J. Planning Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-57
1. Planning Coordinator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-57
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-57
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-58
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-58
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-59
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-60
2. Information Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-61
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-61
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-62
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-62
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-62
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-63
3. Field Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-63
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-64
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-64
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-64
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-64
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-64
4. Program Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-65
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-65
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-66
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-66
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-66
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-66
5. Technical/Scientific Operations Specialists . . . . . . .IV-67
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-67
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-67
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-67
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-68
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-68
d. Types of Technical/Scientific Operations Specialists . .. . . . .IV-68
(1) Water and Sanitation Specialists . . . . . . . .IV-68
(a) In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-68
(2) Health Specialists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-69
(a) In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-69
(3) Food Specialists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-70
(a) In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-70
K. Administrative Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-71
1. Administrative Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-71
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-71
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-72
(1) Immediate Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-72
(2) Ongoing Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-74
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-74
2. Administrative Support Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-74
a. Predeparture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-75
b. In-Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-75
(1) Ongoing Actions (Performed for Various Functions) . . . .  . . . .IV-75
c. Demobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-75

Chapter V: Commonly Used Acronyms and Terms . . . . . . . . . . .V-1
A. OFDA Acronyms and Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .V-2
B. Department of Defense Acronyms and Terms . . . . . .V-8

Appendixes

Appendix A: Field Situation Reporting Format  . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-1
1. DART field location, including city and country, and date . . . . . . . . . .A-2
2. Disaster data including the sources of the information .A-2
3. Issues (political and others) arising or needing resolution and DART recommendations . . . . . . . . . .A-3
4. DART activities since last report (sample types of information to report) . . . A-3
5. Activities of others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
6. Actions requested of OFDA/W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3

Appendix B: OFDA Stockpile Commodities and DART Support Equipment . . . .B-1
A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
B. Relief Commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
1. Blankets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
2. Water Containers, 10-Liter Collapsible . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
3. Hygiene Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
4. Water Bladder Kit, 10,000-Liter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-4
5. Water Treatment Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-4
6. Plastic Sheeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-4
a. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-4
b. Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-5
c. Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-6
d. How To Use Plastic Sheeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-6
C. DART Support Supplies and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . .B-9
1. OFDA Field Packs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-9
2. Remote Location Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-9

Appendix C: Aircraft Use and Capability and Ocean and Overland Transport  . . . C-1
A. Aircraft Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
B. Points To Consider When Dealing With Aircraft . . . . .C-2
C. Aircraft Loading and Offloading Methods . . . . . . . . . .C-3
D. Points To Consider When Planning To Receive Aircraft Cargo  . . . .C-5
E. Ocean and Overland Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-13

Appendix D: DART Communications . . . . . . . . .D-1
A. Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2
B. Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2
2. Local Phone System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-3
3. Countrywide or International Cell Phones . . . . . . . . .D-3
4. Satellite Terminal Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-4
5. HF/VHF/UHF Radio Networks and Systems . . . . . . .D-4
C. Policy on Use of Frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-6
D. Radio Identification and Communications Procedures  . . . . . . .D-7
1. Radio Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-7
2. Communications Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-8

Appendix E: Location Referencing and Mapping Resources  . . . . . .E-1
A. How To Reference Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-2
1. Precision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-2
2. Coordinate Referencing Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-4
B. Mapping Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-6
1. Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-6
2. Map Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-6

Appendix F: Working With the Military in the Field . . . . . . . . . . .F-1
A. Military Operations Involving Coordination With OFDA Disaster Response Activities . . . . . . .F-2
1. Natural Disasters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-2
a. Point-to-Point Logistical Support . . . . . . . . . . . .F-2
b. Disaster Relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-3
2. Complex Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-4
a. Peace Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-4
b. Relief Operations During Conflict . . . . . . . . . . . .F-4
B. Characteristics of Military Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-5
1. Organizational Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-5
a. Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-5
b. Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-6
c. Operational View of the Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-6
d. Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-6
C. Military Structure During Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-7
1. Chain of Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-7
2. CC Authorities During Critical Humanitarian Relief Situations . . . . . .F-7
3. Humanitarian Assistance Survey Team . . . . . . . . . . .F-8
4. Joint Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-8
5. Civil Military Operations Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-8
6. Special Operations Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-9
a. Civil Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-10
b. PSYOPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-10
D. Your Deployment With the Military . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-11
1. Before Departing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-11
2. Arrival . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-11
3. Getting Visibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-13
4. Your Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-13
5. Meetings and Briefings in the JTF . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-13
6. Contact and Visibility With the Affected Country, UN
Relief Agencies, Private/International/Nongovernmental Organizations, and Donor Governments . . . F-14
7. Staffing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-14
8. Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-15
9. Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-15
10. When Are You Done? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-16
11. Closeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-16
12. Other Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F-16

Appendix G: CBRNE Chemical, Biological, Radiation, Nuclear, or Explosive Hazards . . . . .G-1
A. Chemical Hazards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-2
B. Biological Hazards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-3
C. Radiation and Nuclear Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-4
D. Explosive Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-4

Appendix H: Monitoring and Evaluation . . . . . .H-1
A. Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H-2
B. Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H-3

Audience

This content may appeal to first responders, especially responders specifically trained for handling domestic and international disasters, disaster response command centers' operations and personnel.  In addition, the publication will be useful for psychologists, physicians, and military personnel who may be directed for humanitarian relief and disaster response assignments.

Additionally, public libraries, academic and professional/special/corporate libraries with emergency/disaster response, and/or humanitarian relief collections will want this resource included.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$17.50
International Price:
$24.50
Publisher:
State Dept., US Agency for International Development, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance, Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and Agriculture Dept., Forest Service
Year/Pages:
2006: 394 p.
Notes:
NB1313
Key Phrases:
  • FOG Version 4.0
  • Disaster Assessment and Response Field Operations Guide
  • Emergency Management
  • Disasters
  • Disaster Relief
  • Food Relief
  • International Relief
SuDocs Class:
ID 1.8:F 45
Weight:
1.375
Quantity Price:
Discount
Subject Bibliography:
043CA 229
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Item available Date:
10/08/2005
Last Status Update:
06/12/2017
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