Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils, Version 3.0

Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils, Version 3.0
Title:
Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils, Version 3.0
Format:
Spiral-bound
USA Price: 
$33.00
$16.50
Display Foreign Price
Stock:
In stock
GPO Stock Number:
001-000-04758-2
ISBN:
9780160915420
Description

Version 3.0. Summarizes and updates the current National Cooperative Soil Survey conventions for describing soils. Intended to be both current and usable by the entire soil science community. Issued in spiral ringbound binder with index tabs. By Philip J. Schoeneberger, et al.

The text explores the types of soil sampling and  includes a Field Equipment checklist with samples of common soil equipment as part of the field guide. 

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements......................... i
Foreward............................................ii
Site Description...............................1–1
Describer Name(s) ....................1–1
Date ..........................................1–1
Climate ......................................1–1
(Weather Conditions, Air Temperature, Soil Temperature [Soil Temperature, Soil Temperature Depth])
Location .........1–2
(Latitude, Longitude, Geodetic Datum)
Topographic Quadrangle............................1-2
Soil Survey Site Identification Number (Site ID) .......1–2
County FIPS Code ...............................1–3
MLRA .........................................1–3
Transects ......................................1–3
(Transect ID, Stop Number, Interval) 
Series or Component Name .........1–4
(Map Unit Symbol, Photo #) 
Geomorphic Information ................1–4

Physiographic Location................................1–4
(Physiographic Division, Physiographic Province, Physiographic Section, State Physiographic Area, Local Physiographic/Geographic Name)

Geomorphic Description........1–4
(Landscape, Landform, Microfeature, Anthropogenic Feature)

Surface Morphometry.......1–5
(Elevation, Slope Aspect, Slope Gradient, Slope Complexity, Relative Slope Segment Position, Slope Shape, Hillslope - Profile Position, Geomorphic Components [Hills, Terraces and Stepped Landforms, Mountains, Flat Plains], Microrelief, Drainage Pattern)

Water Status ..................................1–11

Drainage ................................... 1–11

Flooding .................................... 1–13
(Frequency, Duration, Months)

Ponding .................................... 1–14
(Frequency, Depth, Duration)

(Soil) Water State ............................. 1–14

Land Cover ....................................1–16
(Earth Cover - Kind)
Vegetation........................................1-17
(Plant Symbol, Plant Common Name, Plant Scientific Name, Vegetation Cover)
Parent Material.................................1-18
(Kind)
Bedrock..........................................1-22
(Kind, Fracture Interval Class, Weathering Class, Depth [to Bedrock])
Lithostratigraphic Unit(s).........................1-25
Erosion...............................................1-25
(Kind, Degree Class)
Surface Fragments...................................1-26
(Kind, Surface Fragment Class)
Diagnostic Horizons or Characteristics................1-28
(Kind, Depth, Soil Taxonomy Classification, Particle-Size Control Section)
Restriction..................................1-30
(Kind, Hardness)

Profile/Pedon Description....................................2-1
Observation Method...........................2-1
(Kind, Relative Size)
Horizon and Layer Designations...............2-2

Master and Transitional Horizons and Layers.............2-2

Horizon Suffixes.............................................2-4

Other Horizon Modifiers...............................2-5
(Numerical Prefixes, Numerical Suffixes, The Prime, The Caret)

Horizon Depth.......................................2-6

Horizon Thickness...............................2-6

Horizon Boundary..................................2-6
(Distinctness, Topography)

Soil Color.......................................2-8

Decision Flowchart for Describing Soil Colors...............2-8

(Soil) Matrix Color...........................................2-9
([Soil] Color, Moisture State, Location, or Condition)

Redoximorphic Features - RMFs (Discussion).......................2-10
Redoximporhic Features........................................2-12
(Kind, Quantity, Size, Contrast, Color, Moisture State, Shape, Location, Hardness, Boundary)

Tabular List for Determination of Color Contrast....................2-16


Mottles .......................................2–18
(Quantity, Size, Contrast, Color, Moisture State, Shape, Location)
Concentrations (Discussion) ......................2–19
Concentrations ................................2–20
(Kind, Quantity [Percent of Area Covered], Size, Contrast, Color, Moisture State, Shape, Location, Hardness, Boundary)
Pedogenic Carbonate Stages (Discussion) ...........2–28
(Development, Multiple Stages, Description)

Pedogenic Carbonate Development Stages - Fine Earth Matrix.....2–30

Pedogenic Carbonate Development Stages - Coarse Fragment Matrix.....2–31

Ped and Void Surface Features ....................2–32
(Kind, Amount, Continuity, Distinctness, Location, Color)
Soil Texture ...................................2–36

Texture Class ................................ 2–37

(Soil) Textural Triangle (Fine Earth) ................. 2–38

Texture Modifiers ............................. 2–38
(Quantity and Size, Compositional, Terms Used in Lieu of Texture)

Comparison of Particle Size Classes in Different Systems.........2–45

Rock and Other Fragments .......................2–46
(Kind, Volume Percent, Size Classes and Descriptive Terms, Roundness, Hardness)
Artifacts (Human-derived) .......................2–49
(Kind, Quantity, Roundness, Shape, Cohesion, Penetrability, Persistence, Safety)
(Soil) Structure ................................2–52
(Type, Grade, Size)
Consistence ...................................2–62

Rupture Resistance ............................ 2–62
(Blocks, Peds, and Clods; Surface Crusts and Plates)

Cementing Agents ............................. 2–64

Manner of Failure ............................. 2–65

Stickiness................................... 2–66

Plasticity ................................... 2–66

Penetration Resistance .......................... 2–67

Penetration Orientation ......................... 2–68

Excavation Difficulty ........................... 2–69

Roots ........................................2–70
(Quantity, Size, Quantity [graphic], Location)
Pores (Discussion) .............................2–73
Pores ........................................2–73
(Quantity, Size, Shape, Vertical Continuity)
Cracks .......................................2–75
(Kind, Depth, Relative Frequency)
Soil Crusts (Discussion) .........................2–77
Soil Crusts ....................................2–79
(Kind)
Special Features ...............................2–80
(Kind, Area [%] Occupied)
Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Permeability (Discussion)..........2–81
Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity (Ksat) ..............2–83
Permeability Classes ............................2–85
Chemical Response .............................2–85

Reaction (pH) ................................ 2–85

pH Method .................................. 2–86

Effervescence ................................ 2–87
(Class, Location, Chemical Agent)

Reduced Conditions ............................ 2–88
(Dipyridyl - Location)

Salinity Class (Discussion) ....................... 2–88

Salinity Class ................................ 2–89

Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) ................... 2–89

Odor .........................................2–90
(Kind, Intensity)
Miscellaneous Field Notes ........................2–90
Minimum Data Set (for a soil description) ...........2–90
Pedon Description Data Sheet .....................2–91
Pedon Description Example .......................2–91

Pedon Description (Data Sheet – Blank).................2–93

Pedon Description (Data Sheet – Example).............2–95

Subaqueous Soils (SAS) Description ................2–97
(Discussion, Description)

Bathymetry ................................. 2–97

Site ....................................... 2–98

Water Column Measurements .................... 2–102

Soil Profile Measurements and Description ........... 2–103

Salinity (of Subaqueous Soils) ................... 2–106

Subaqueous Soils Profile Description Data Sheet ....... 2–109

Subaqueous Soils Profile Description Example ........ 2–110

Vibracore Sampling for Subaqueous Soils .......... 2–111

Discussion ................................. 2–111

Site Description ............................. 2–111

Core Descriptions ............................ 2–111

Vibracore Log Sheet .......................... 2–113

Vibracore Log Sheet Example .................... 2–114

References .................................. 2–115

Geomorphic Description.................3–1
Part I: Physiographic Location .....................3–2
Part II: Geomorphic Description (Outline) ...........3–10
Part II: Geomorphic Description ...................3–11

Comprehensive Lists ........................... 3–11

Geomorphic Environments and Other Groupings ........ 3–21

Part III: Surface Morphometry ....................3–39
References ....................................3–46

Soil Taxonomy ..........................4–1
Introduction ...................................4–1
Horizon and Layer Designations ....................4–1

Master and Transitional Horizons or Layers ............. 4–1

Horizon Suffixes ............................... 4–3

Horizon & Layer Designations Conversion Charts ........ 4–6

(Soil) Textural Triangle: Family Particle-Size Classes ..... 4–10

Combined Textural Triangles: Fine Earth Texture Classes and Family Particle-Size Classes .................. 4–11

Soil Moisture Regimes .......................... 4–11

Soil Temperature Regimes and Classes .............. 4–13

References ....................................4–14

Geology ................................5–1
Introduction ...................................5–1

Bedrock [Kind] ................................ 5–1

Rock Charts ....................................5–4

Igneous Rocks Chart ............................ 5–5

Metamorphic Rocks Chart ......................... 5–6

Sedimentary and Volcaniclastic Rocks ................ 5–7

Mass Movement (Mass Wasting) Types for Soil Survey ..... 5–8

North American Geologic Time Scale ................. 5–9

Till Terms .....................................5–10
Pyroclastic Terms ..............................5–11
Hierarchical Rank of Lithostratigraphic Units .........5–12
References ....................................5–13

Location............................6–1
GPS Location.......................... 6–1
Public Land Survey..................6–2

Townships and Ranges..................6–3

Sections.........................................6–3

Section Subdivisions.......................6–4

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Rectangular Coordinate System......6–5
State Plane Coordinate System.............................6–7
References...........................................................6–7

Miscellaneous...................................................7–1
Percent of Area Covered......................................7–1
Ksat Class Estimate.............................................7–10
Soil Water Repellency (Discussion).......................7–14
Soil Water Repellency.......................................... 7–15
Measurement Equivalents and Conversions.............7–16

Metric to English........................................7–16

English to Metric........................................7–17

Common Conversion Factors.....................7–18

Guide to Map Scales and Minimum Size Delineations............7–21
Common Soil Map Symbols (Traditional).............................7–22
References........................................................................7–28

Soil Sampling.................................................8–1
Introduction.....................................................8–1
Types of Sampling...........................................8–1
(Horizon Sampling, Incremental Sampling, Fixed-Depth Sampling)
Sampling Techniques.......................................8–3
Soil Sample Kinds...........................................8–3
(Characterization Samples, Reference Samples)
Field Equipment Checklist............................... 8–4
Examples of Common Soil-Sampling Equipment........8–5
References.......................................................8–6
INDEX............................................................ 9–1

 

Audience

Farmers, soil surveyors, and others involved in the soil science community would enjoy this publication.

Product Details

Availability Details:
In Stock
USA Price:
$16.50
International Price:
$23.10
Publisher:
Agriculture Dept., Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center
Key Phrases:
  • Soil Science
  • Soils
Weight:
1.1875
Quantity Price:
Discount
Cover:
Paper
Unit of Issue (US):
1
Unit of Issue (Non-US):
1
Record Creation Date:
02/21/2013
Last Status Update:
08/15/2019
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