The Army Command Post and Defense Reshaping, 1987-1997 (ePub eBook)

The Army Command Post and Defense Reshaping, 1987-1997 (ePub eBook)
The Army Command Post and Defense Reshaping, 1987-1997 (ePub eBook)
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ciding how that goal could be best realized would prove illusive. Dr. Mark Sherry’s The Army Command Post and Defense Reshaping, 1987–1997, examines this tumultuous period in depth. The author relates how the efforts of Army leaders to develop options for change were soon overtaken by actions of the Office of the Secretary of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding Army size, structure, and missions. Strengthened by the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols reorganization act, the Joint Chiefs led the way, exerting an unprecedented degree of power in reshaping Defense Department policies and postures. Sherry first considers the Army’s studies and recommendations before tackling the higher level initiatives that followed, culminating in the Bottom-up Review and finally the first Quadrennial Defense Review.

These Defense Department studies quickly overshadowed all Army reshaping efforts and seized the initiative for defense transformation. One result was the reduction by 1997 of the Army’s active duty strength by over one-third with few substantive changes in its missions or structure. Another was the greatly reduced size and authority of the Army Staff and Secretariat, undermining their ability to define the size, shape, and nature of the ground forces that they were expected to provide to the combatant commanders. 

Table of Contents

Foreword  vii

Preface   ix

The Author   xii

Chapter 1. Introduction   1

The Situation Before the Goldwater-Nichols Act  2

2. Antaeus and the New Paradigm, 1987–1989   15

The Strategic Setting After the Goldwater-Nichols Act . . . 16

Readiness and Force Modernization Issues  20

Catalysts for Change .  21

Antaeus   24

Contingency Operations  32

3. The Cold War Ends, 1989–1990  37

Quicksilver  38

Vanguard   41

The Base Force  45

4. Toward a New Strategy, 1989–1990   59

The Defense Management Review   59

The Gulf War   63

Development of a New Strategy 66

Reconstituting the Army 71

Base Realignment and Closure 73

HQDA Redesign, 1992 75

The 1992 Roles and Missions Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

5. Change from Above   81

The Bottom-Up Review, 1993 81

The Commission on Roles and Missions, 1994–1995 9


6. The Army Responds  103

New Contingencies 103

The Modern Louisiana Maneuvers  108

Force XXI 111

7. The Quadrennial Defense Review, 1996–1997  119

Changing National Military Strategy 120

Army Preparations for the Quadrennial Defense Review  122

Joint Staff Quadrennial Defense Review Plans 130

The Review Begins 133

Results 141

8. Two Final Reviews, 1997–1998  151

The National Defense Panel  151

The Task Force on Defense Reform  159

9. Conclusion  165

Goldwater-Nichols 165

Early Reshaping  167

Toward a New Strategy 173

Process and Progress   174

Toward a New Century  175

Epilogue 197


Military leaders and all force members would find the review of these issues of critical importance in assessing the continued revitalization of the military Command Post.  

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U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Army, Army Center of Military History
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